Sustainable production of functional and safe feed from food waste

Place: Catalonia, spain, Europe
Sustainable management of natural resources Sustainable management of natural resources
Total Budget: € 2.999.257,00 | Period: From August 2012 To January 2016


Food processing activities produce in Europe large amounts of by-products and waste. Such waste streams are only partially valorized at different value-added levels, whereas the main volumes are managed as waste of environmental concern, with relevant negative effects on the overall sustainability of the food processing industry.
The main focus of NOSHAN is to investigate the process and technologies needed to use food waste for feed production at low cost, low energy consumption and with maximal valorisation of starting wastes materials. Nutritional value and functionality according to animal needs as well as safety and quality issues will be investigated and address as main leading factors for the feed production using food derived (fruit/plant and dairy). According to this not only wastes will be characterized for their nutritional potential, but suitable technologies to stabilize them and convert them into suitable raw materials for bulk feed will be researched.


LEITAT Technological Centre - Spain

Lead applicant

LEITAT is a non-profit Spanish RTO recognized by the Catalan Government (TECNIO) and by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation. With a history of more than 100 years, LEITAT develops R&D activities in the areas of materials sciences, environment, surface treatments, biotechnology and renewable energies with deep knowledge and experience in technological transfer to several industrial sectors. LEITAT takes part each year in many projects financed by the regional and national governments, participates in projects co-funded by the European Commission, and develops private R&D projects funded by industrial partners. LEITAT takes part and works as a technology partner in several initiatives that demonstrate its reliability as a dynamic agent in technology transfer and innovation planning in companies, entities and institutions, through different national and international organizations. At the present time, LEITAT participates in 43 national and 26 international organizations. LEITAT is also connected to 25 national and 16 European knowledge network platforms.


Initiative partner

Ekodenge has long technical and managerial experience in the field of environment, engineering, architecture and IT, including World Bank and EU funded projects with a successful history of projects completed. Ekodenge has a proven project experience in the fields of environmental management especially specialized on waste management, ecological industrial parks, life cycle assessment, integrated product policy and also on institutional strengthening, capacity building. Ekodenge has involved in many projects related with the waste management in international and national level. Also, Ekodenge has in-depth knowledge on EU Environmental Legislation. Ekodenge has extensive management experience as management experience as project manager in  EU  funded  environmental  projects  such  as  EU  LIFE  III  Project  “Establishment  of  an  Information  System  for  Turkish  SMEs  on   EU  Environmental  Approximation”  and  EU  LIFE  III  Project  "Approximation  of  Seveso-II Directive in Turkey". Currently Ekodenge is the coordinator of the EIP CIP Eco-Innovation  project  “Eco-Industrial  Park  Environmental  Support  System”.

Knowledge Innovation Market - Spain

Initiative partner

University of Parma - Italy

Initiative partner

Within the structures of the University of Parma scientific research of international excellence are held. The objectives achieved by research groups, the number of publications on major international scientific journals and the high number of high-level collaborations with foreign universities testify to that level of excellence. The research areas and applications are different (food, veterinary science, biotechnology, pharmaceutical innovation, experimental medicine), without forgetting the importance studies of legal, economic and humanistic. The University of Parma is also home of a Technopole for the industrial research, that consists of six centers at the forefront operating in various industrial sectors.

The essence of the Project is to convert food waste into bulk and feed ingredients. Nowadays, there is a competition among food and feed, specially in undeveloped countires. the essence of the Project fits with a sustainable management of natural resources, it avoids the current great losses of resources and reduces the feed imports

The main innovation of the project is the creation of a broad portfolio of food wastes which can be valorised for feed production. To achive this target, a variety of high-advanced technologies for conditioning, stabilising by physico-chemical and biological strategies, extracting high-added value compounds and feed production habe been tested, developed and integrated in an innovative low-cost and low energy tailor made procedure. The most relevant technologies include i) biological treatments, ii) innovative drying technologies, iii) dairy wastes processing-stabilisation, iiii) dairy wastes processing-separation. The innovatives methodologies have been useful to select the wastes which can be valorised for production from the point of view of safety and functionality. Another relavant innovatoin is that the project is focused on the utilisation of waste materials as source not only of feed bulk products but also of functional ingredients. 

Noshan project image This is the main image that identifies NOSHAN project that has been used for the design of the brochure and the poster.

In many countries, the arable land dedicated to crops for feed production competes directly with lands dedicated to food production. The practice of the project will prevent Europe from importing or producing certain crops and plants for feed as the food waste will be converted into bulk feed. The possibility of reusing food derived wasteds into feeds will allow decreasing the need for first use raw materiales, reducing food losses,  and preventing portions of arable land to be used for this purpose. Only those food derived wastes (fruit/vegetable/plant and dairy) that cannot be intended for human consumption will be intended for feed production. All relevants facts related to feed security are assessed as NOSHAN considers a complete nutritional, security and biological characterisation of the final feed products, including a molecular characterisation and tests of functionalities.

Food loss and waste generated per capita in Europe and North America This graph shows the food loss and waste generated per capita in Europe and North America. Fruits (16,4%) and vegetables (25,8%), have the highest wastage rates of any food.

The relevant results achieved through the innitiative are the following ones:

1. To define appropiate technologies to apply to each waste among a range of low-cost and effective physico-chemical and biotechnological procedures in order to i) conditioning and stabilising them for decreasing the impact of their seasonability (improved preservation); ii) improving their nutritional values in certain processes; iii) ensuring the safety of the raw material in terms of microbial safety.

2. To produce bulk feed and functional feed ingredients (functional fibres, protein hydrolisates enriched in active peptides and functional molecules with biofunctional properties.

3. To realise an environmental evaluation, using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) tools, and evaluate the technical and economical viability of NOSHAN processes and products.



Overview of NOSHAN's approach This graph shows the value chain of NOSHAN project: use of potential food wastes, their selection, treatment, feed production, processing scaling up, efficacy studies in animals and finally, obtention of a functional feed and feed additives with ability to improve animal performance, welfare and product quality.
Technical overview of NOSHAN's approach This diagram shows the the technical steps that will be done with the waste used in the project.

Beneficiaries and specific needs:

-Suppliers of vegetable, fruit, plant and diary derived wastes. They have the need to manage production losses as food waste. The project can provide them opportunities to valorise these loses.

- Feed producers. They have to meet the need of the feed sectors regarding the preservations and food safety.

- Technology providers. They have the need to improve their technologies and also to apply them in different fields and products.

-Chambers of Commerce. They have the need to give support in the comunication and dissemination events to increase the public awareness

-Food platforms and federations. They have to promote networkings among companies and food associations in order to bring the best practices to the market.

- Public waste agencies. They need to identify the best practices as increase the awareness through communications and dissemination

The consortium of the NOSHAN project comprises a variety of actors and stakeholders involving 7 SMEs, 3 Research Institutes, 1 University and 1 Large Industry, from different countries: Spain, Belgium, Turkey, Italy, Germany, France and Netherlands. Around 40 people are involved in NOSHAN project with different competences and different arees of expertise: organic and bioorganic chemistry applied to food, nutrition, food safety, feed, molecular biology techniques, biochemistry, innovative extraction technologies, stabilisation technologies, technological transfer techniques, LCA, engineering consultants, exploitation and commercialization, waste management and dissemination.

Each work package leader is led by one partner leader who is responsible for preparing the progress reports and controlling the planing together with the S&T coordinator. Leitat is the coordinator of the project.



NOSHAN consortium organisation types Description of the types of entities presents in the NOSHAN consortium classified in 3 categories: RTD, SME and large entities.
NOSHAN partners In this image the names of all the consortium partners and their entities logos are shown.

There are certain barriers for recyling food waste including collection and transportation challenges especially for small generators from households, liability concerns, concerns regarding collection and storage related food safety and profitability concerns.For this reason, a SWOT analysis was conducted to identify the strenghts and opportunities which helped to develop contingency plan for these threats. One challenge encountered by the initiative was the sheer number of waste streams and their mixtures to be evaluated for feed production. To overcome this difficulty, the members of the initiative adopted a rigirous selection approach that would eliminate waste streams to obtain most suitable ones for sustainable feed production. This approach involved selection through two scoring systems, evaluation of synergistic mixtures, investigation of feasibility of pretreatment processes and sustainability assessment. 

NOSHAN SWOT Analysis NOSHAN SWOT Analysis and overcoming challenges

Food waste is a global problem that needs to be addressed with sound strategies. The amount of food waste generation varies from region to region but total global food waste generation adds up to approximately 1.5 billion tons per year. South and southeast Asia including China and Japan as well Europe has the highest generation potential. Key issues related to food wastage include the financial burden which is as high 1 trillion USD worldwide, blue water intensity and CO2 emissions. The blue water intensity, which is the amount of fresh surface or groundwater consumed per mass of food waste, is highest for cereals and oilcrops. Furthermore, each ton of food waste is associated with 2 tons of CO2 emissions. Major phases of food life cycle that contributes to carbon emissions include agriculture, food processing and end-of-life. Valorization of food waste through feed production create avoided burdens by eliminating landfilling of wastes at the end-of-life stage.


Food Waste Food waste as a global problem and key issues

Under the ongoing NOSHAN Project, sustainability targets are oriented around the key issues related to food waste and feed production. Nutritional quality, safety and sustainability are three main decision criteria to be integrated during decision making processes. Through sustainability targets NOSHAN aims to promote circular economy which will be supported by valorization of food waste and creating a product that would benefit various stakeholders. Animal breeders are the most obvious beneficiary of the safe and sustainable feed. Considering animal products are intended for human consumption mostly, publc becomes another beneficiary of the project outputs. Long term sustainability of the NOSHAN approach are evaluated through life cycle assessment which considers a crade-to-gate approach. NOSHAN targets to reduce environmental footprint of this cradle-to-gate system include raw material, water and energy consumption, raw material cost, feed cost, arable land use and disposal.

NOSHAN Sustainability Sustainability targets and general approach

Design of a dissemination strategy.
Implementation of the dissemination strategy through specific actions:
- Design of a Brand Manual
- Desing of word and power point templates
- Identification of stakeholders that will help to disseminate and exploit the results
- Development of Noshan project website
- Noshan newsletter
- Project brochure
- Project poster
- One Scientific publications already published
- Presentation of Noshan in 32 events.
- Organisation of a joint seminar with other 3 related EU projects.
- Presentation of NOSHAN in the KIM conference 2014.
- Profiles of NOSHAN in LinkedIN, Twitter and Facebook
- Publication of 4 press releases

Joint symposium The Best of the Rest One of NOSHAN partners organized a symposium seminar where four related EU projects participated. The seminar took place on the October 9-10th 2014 at IGV GmbH, Potsdam-Nuthetal, Germany, it was entitled “The Best of the Rest" seminar and the other projects that participated where APROPOS, CYCLE and TRADEIT. In this occasion the consortium invited some stakeholders with whom we made a specific meeting to discuss NOSHAN’s results.
NOSHAN at KIM conference 2014_1 Presentation of NOSHAN project at the KIM conference
NOSHAN at KIM conference 2014_2 Presentation of NOSHAN at the KIM conference 2014
NOSHAN at KIM conference 2014_3 Presentation of NOSHAN at the KIM conference 2014
NOSHAN at KIM conference 2014_4 NOSHAN at KIM conference 2014_3
NOSHAN at KIM conference 2014_5 Presentation of NOSHAN at the KIM conference 2014
NOSHAN at KIM conference 2014_6 Presentation of NOSHAN at the KIM conference 2014
NOSHAN at KIM conference 2014_7 Presentation of NOSHAN at the KIM conference 2014
NOSHAN at The Best of The Rest NOSHAN partners and stakeholders at the best of the rest symposium
NOSHAN at The Best of The Rest_2 One of NOSHAN partners presenting the project
KIM conference 2014 promotional video. KIM conference 2014 promotional video. NOSHAN project was presented in this event.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf NOSHAN brochure NOSHAN brochure to be shown and distributed in fairs, seminars and congresses.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf NOSHAN dissemination actions summary This pdf includes a presentation with a description of the main dissemination actions taken so far during NOSHAN project.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf NOSHAN poster NOSHAN poster to be shown and distributed in fairs, seminars and congresses.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf NOSHAN's Brand manual Brand manual describin NOSHAN logo design, logos opions, cromatography, fonts to be used in word and power point.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Program of the Joing Symposium The Best of The Rest Program of the Joing Symposium The Best of The Rest