Sustainable and Sustainable management of agricultural biodiversity in Huanuco, through conservatism by exchanging seeds.
Summary: Conservationists and farmers in the Andes of Peru Andean Valleys tend to exchange seeds high in order to protect, maintain and preserve them. Every year in the month of June, festivities reprice the work of small farmers or peasants is performed.
One of the most striking festivities is called Muhu Raymi, which means Party of seeds regionally important event where more than 150 conservationists who show their agrobiodiversity involved. It is common to find more than 300 varieties of native potatoes, several varieties of corn, Andean grains such as quinoa, amaranth and kañiwa; varieties of beans like the lupine and pajuro bean; varieties of peppers, tubers such as oca, nasturtiums, olluco; and fruits such as pumpkin, passion fruit, tree tomato, among others.
Conservationists producers have the distinction of working under the agro-ecological system, that means, without the use of agrochemicals and rather using biodiversity as an ally in combating pests.
The Muhu Raymi takes approximately 6 hours. Conservationist’s producers present, with great pride, long tables where they show their best seeds with abundant variety. The purpose is the exchange between them, but the ultimate goal is to stop the erosion and conserve genetic varieties that often only exist in a given locality. It is a form of in situ conservation and is vital to preserve and strengthen the genome varieties. This ancient custom was obsolete but due to this feasts, they are returning among the communities.
The feast of the seeds is accompanied by a food fair that are managed by same conservationist farmers through dishes with their own inputs area, whose preparations seek to safeguard its own security and food sovereignty in the region. These festivals always include dances of the region and a “chasqui” career where farmers must go up and down a hill of 500 m high.
With the completion of the Fair over 12 years, confirms that the district of Quisqui (KICHKI), province and department of Huanuco, has a wide variety of crops and native varieties and thus a genetic, ecological and cultural richness thanks to farmers' knowledge and dedication but with the advance of globalization is at risk of being lost.
Office of Congressman Jaime Delgado Zegarra - Congress of the Republic of Peru. - PeruLead applicant
Muhu Raymi or Muru Raymi (Festival of the seeds). - PeruInitiative partner
The Quisqui district is located in the west central part of the province of Huanuco the left bank of Higueras, with a population of 5663 inhabitants, the capital of the district is 2500 meters above sea level, approximately 20 700 km., the city of Huanuco, seated on the eastern slope of the Andes of Peru, which is part of the mountain range of micro basins and tributary basins of the Huallaga river in Huanuco Region. The district for its geographical configuration manifests an agricultural and touristic vocation. It has a total of approximately 3.354.92 hectares, irrigated agricultural area and 37.7% in rainfed agricultural area 62.3% and pastures, forests and woodlands, and another 60%, 22% and 18% respectively. The district produce a wide variety of potatoes (varieties of yellow, white and native potato), corn, beans, wheat, barley, peas, goose, cunt, quinoa, nasturtiums; forestry (quinual, eucalyptus, quisuar , alder, willow), and others. The livestock sector contributes to raising cattle, sheep, swine, horses, alpacas, llamas and Vicugnas. As for tourism, there are archaeological sites and ecological areas such as Llacshmaray located on the heights of Mitotambo Punchao, at 25 km from the city of Huanuco where there are around 200 circular homes with rustic stone walls; and Huamally Huaychao (pre Inca site); Huallacallan huge stones Collota heights and gaps that are part of the attraction as Chonta Ucumaria, Cacocha, Sexicocha, Runtucocha. Physiographically, the area is diverse with mountains and valleys, where a varied climate temperate, cold and wet, with strong winds and temperatures between 5 ° to 26 ° C that determines being mountainous ecological and landscape of high environmental quality and ideal for human inhabitant that conferred the distinctive name of"Land of Enchantment and Tradition" for its scenic, archaeological and climate characteristics.
IDMA (Institute for Development and Environment) based in Huanuco. - PeruInitiative partner
The Institute for Development and Environment IDMA is a non-governmental, non-profit, founded on March 13, 1984, in order to contribute from the local and regional level to national development; towards a sustainable development model to improve and raise the standard and quality of human life, the democratization of society, social equity and gender from an environmental perspective.
Muhu Raymi is the feast of the seeds, a game that recreates the ancient tradition of our Andean farmers to preserve and enhance the myriad varieties of our rich biodiversity through seed exchange in a dignified ceremony known. Muhu Raymi is the best explanation of why Peru is considered one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world. Roots and tubers (potato, oca, elm, nasturtiums, sweet potato, yacon, celeriac, cassava, Canna edulis, pituca and others), grains (corn, beans, lima beans, lupine, wheat, peanuts, peas: contests are held in three categories , bean, barley, quinoa, amaranth) and fruits (pumpkin, passion fruit, tree tomato, native papaya, cherimoya, lucuma and others).
The conservationist agrobiodiversity farmers are engaged in the recovery, in situ and valuing their diversity of crops and native varieties, to enhance local food security conservation. By exchanging seeds, the number of varieties of native products increases and ensures food safety for the general population. Especially when conservationists using agroecological techniques, as our ancestors before performing it.
Women occupy a central place in the conservation of seeds and their selection. Little is known of this fundamental role that has served to preserve and maintain hundreds of varieties of seeds for future generations. They can be found at fairs, dedicated to showing and naming each of the varieties and ecotypes of agricultural biodiversity in their locality.
Presentation of each conservationist regarding best seeds, in order that each farmer has also left its seeds, seeds can not take poseeen within their plots to be planted.
Seed exchange has shown that the path of the seeds in a farmer strengthens relationship - farmer; they directly talk about the qualities and preferences of the seeds. At this point enters the market in question for the trader, who buys and sells, knows the seed or its varieties. So this is manifested in:
• Respect for life, nature and knowledge that will be reflected in the seeds or plants.
• Sharing knowledge about what is exchanged and pass this little gem to people who are willing to make a commitment to these principles.
• The reciprocity of giving and receiving something in return, and where the seed has a symbolic value is priceless, has no economic value and above all do not have property.
In Muhu Raymi or Festival of the seed, the work done by farmers and conservationists contributions made to safeguard the security and local and regional food sovereignty is recognized. On the other hand one can maintain the tradition of our ancestors for in situ conservation of varieties, maintaining agrobiodiversity agroecological. To give an example, recall that Huánuco is the second after the Cusco region, having greater variety of native potatoes, which considers Peru as the first country to have greater variety of native parents. This festival each year is being recognized by the authorities, leading to be regarded as the brand Peru.
Farmers who keep a wide range of varieties of importance to the local, national and global food security are currently not valued or recognized accordingly, specilly women. On the market only a few varieties are trademarks. Political decision and to realize proactive initiatives and provide opportunities for these conservation farmers are actually recognized for services to environmental conservation and genetic resources for human action is required.
The beneficiaries of this initiative are conservationist farmers of the Kichki District - Huanuco, most conservee potatoes, corn, fruit, peppers, root vegetables like parsnips, Andean grains such as quinoa, amaranth; beans as lupine pajuro, among others. These conservationists for many years have been working on the family farm.
The conservationist families implement ecological techniques in their fields, ensuring the conservation of natural resources and the quality of the products.
This year will be held the XIII Diversity of Native Crops Peasant Fair, confirming the continued dedication of conservation farmers and local authorities, hoping that this process will be strengthened with the support of national and international policies in support the protection of biodiversity and livelihoods for food security. To start this initiative was supported by the Agronomist Duclos Gabriel Mejia, a representative of IDMA, who was responsible for providing the technical part of the promotion of agro-ecology and conservation. This addition to the visits to the camps was responsible for coordinating with each farmer
One of the main problems is the economic funding to transport 80 conservationist farmers (farmers may be more conservationist) to the place of the event, and setting the stage (at least 150 stands). The vast majority of conservationists live far from the Huancapallac Square, (two or three hours far), where the fair of the Feast of the seed is displayed. Added to this is the conservationists to move to the main road where there farmer auto transport, walk or move with pack animal for 1 hour. The scenario consists of approximately 160 stands equivalent each stage assembling and placing tables or spaces where food placed as commonly.
The conservatism of seeds specially that which comes from agroecology, has no impact against nature and the environment where the farmer lives. Especially when working with agroecological technologies where they do not use chemicals, and the best way to preserve their products against pests is working in harmony with the plants sown fighting certain types of pests. The farmer also benefits because it does not use chemicals and working only with proper composting, or biological or other, prevents diseases or cancers from or produced by chemicals
This initiative has resulted in the issuance of a regional Law, Nº082-2010 GRH-CR-2010, that authorizes the operation of Participatory Guarantee Systems - SGP certify a form of small farmers working the conservationists agroecology. Furthermore conservation farmers are offering their products since 2001 through the Ecological Fair, which takes place all day Saturday in the main square of Huanuco, differing from the other conventional farmers.
Importantly, the involvement and leadership of Quisqui District Municipality and the Association for Conservation of Native Crop Producers, who is leading the organization of the Fair in recent years
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