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Globally Ingenious Agriculture Heritage Systems Chiloé.

Place: chile, South America
Sustainable development of small rural communities Sustainable development of small rural communities
Total Budget: € 399,00 | Period: From September 2002 To

Summary

GIAHS, is a FAO recognition to some sites around the world, important for the conservation of agricultural biodiversity, of peasant cultural systems and their ingenious responses to global challenges on food security and development. Chiloé, obtained this denomination thanks to the strong agricultural heritage of their communities, and the efforts of a team composed by public, private, and academic organizations. Now GIAHS Chiloé is a permanent initiative and it counts with high peasant communities’ participation and the engagement of many public institutions like MINAGRI through ODEPA. This allows not only preserving the denomination but also transforming it in a powerful development tool. This approach includes the valorization of products and services with cultural identity linked to agroecological production systems, promoting territorial development. A related milestone achieved is the registration and operation of a certification brand GIAHS Chiloé to materialize these advances.

Partnership

CET- EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY CENTER - Chile

Lead applicant

Development of agroecological research programs. Implementation of training programs for students and technicians. Implementation of territorial development programs with cultural identity

AAOCHILOE - Organic Producers Association of Chiloe. - Chile

Initiative partner

Rimisp – Latin American Center for Rural Development - Chile

Initiative partner

Founded in 1986, Rimisp – Latin American Center for Rural Development is a regional non-profit organization that conducts applied research in support of institutional change, productive transformation and capacity building of actors and social groups in Latin American rural societies. Its mission is to stimulate institutional, economic and social changes that can make Latin America a prosperous, fair and sustainable region. To this end, Rimisp gives importance to investing in building relationships with a variety of partners, and to networking with them along principles of mutual trust, reciprocity and respect.

Center to Study and Conservation of Natural Heritage - Chile

Initiative partner

One of the main drivers for the creation of NGO CECPAN is the conservation of natural resources through stimulation, participation and community development. Driving deepening environmental issues through creative tools links between biodiversity conservation and social development of communities in the archipelago of Chiloe. this NGO is a non-profit organization, doomed to the conservation of natural and patrimonial resources of the island of Chiloé and southern archipelagos. CECPAN promote community social and cultural development, through scientific research, environmental education and sustainable management of renewable resources.

Institute for Agricultural Development - Chile

Initiative partner

The institute is defined as a decentralized service that is: promote economic, social and technological development of small farmers and peasants, in order to help increase their business, organizational and commercial skills, integrating the process of rural development while optimizing the use of productive.resources.

Office of Agricultural Policies trade and information - Chile

Initiative partner

The Office of Agricultural Studies and Policies -ODEPA-, is a public service dependent of ministry of agricultura. Provides regional, national and international information for different agencies involved in agricultural and forestry activity. Supports the management of the Ministry of Agriculture, MINAGRI, through the studies, and programs evaluation.

Southern University of Chile - Chile

Initiative partner

It is an institution of higher education, which places great emphasis on its research programs at regional, national and international level. The institution look out for teaching quality and gets involve in the development of social, cultural and economic aspects of the society. It also seeks to meet the intellectual needs of scholars and students.

The GIAHS initiative in Chiloé promotes and valorizes products and services of local communities, peasant and indigenous, highlighting the major importance of their cultural identity, and their agroecological production systems based on traditional practices. THrough this initiative, the global recognition of Chiloé as one of the first GIAHS sites, has become a real development alternative, engaging a wide diversity of local, national and international actors, including local communities, government agencies, NGO´s, private companies, among many others. With innovative methodologies applied to the management of biodiversity, knowledge systems, local economies and food production, the initiative has strengthened a biocultural diversification development strategy, based on the concepts and the practices of the dynamic conservation, providing the territory of more sustainable alternatives than those offered by the old industrial and extractivist model.

The main innovation developed by the initiative, is the strategy of encouraging biocultural, social and economic diversification, with special care on traditional practices and the cultural identity of the local communities. This means to diversify with a strategic sense on territorial development. The culture is in this scenario, the principal framework in which all the diversity components are linked, establishing virtuous relations between all kinds of socio-environmental elements, for instance, native biodiversity and agricultural biodiversity, goods like local food and handicrafts, tourism services, social actors including peasants, local governments, hotels and others companies, technology and traditional practices and so on. This innovation is relevant, because it allow the improvement of the dynamism and the stability of agro-ecosystems, the local economy, and of the whole territory, granting food security and better development opportunities to local communities.

College students learn from a farmer College students on the Chiloé island, complement and exchange knowledge on relevant territorial development and cultural identity.
Design and implementation of community Agroecological practices. Implementation of agroecological practices where farmers share their traditional knowledge.
Farmer teaching in project "learning territory" Project "learning territories" where Latin American professionals and technicians are trained in aspects of territorial development with cultural identity.
discussion of results of implementation of agroecological practices Farmers analyzed results of agroecological practices implemented.
SIPAM Chiloé Chiloé Ingenious Agricultural Heritage Site World
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Certification mark GIAHS Chiloé Digital presentation about the brand GIAHS Chiloé

Chiloé is an Archipelago where over the 50% of population is rural, and it has a strong local culture associated to the management of complex and bio-diversified temperate ecosystems, combining indigenous and peasant heritage. One expression of this culture is an extraordinary cultural landscape that contains a wide biodiversity, ingenious traditional practices, suitable technologies, and many economic activities like agriculture, forestry, gathering, livestock farming and fishery. These components are articulated by the ability of peasant communities to make a sustainable use of their environment, providing both food and environmental services. Nevertheless, in last decades the industrialization of the economy, has introduced several stressors to the agroecological systems, with loss of aquatic and terrestrial biodiversity, exploitation and substitution of native forest with xotic species and monoculture, loss of local seeds, and deterioration of the peasants life quality.

Minga: a cultural expression of Chiloé. Minga: Joint Meeting of friends and neighbors to do some work together, after which share a generous meal paid by the beneficiaries. Example: to move a house, being pulled by teams of bulls.
Territorial Image of Chiloé Landscapes built by the work of farmers, generation after generation.
Traditional Occupation: Shearer Shearing sheep, traditional practice, craft and talent of farmers. With wool crafts and textiles that are used in daily life are produced and marketed. The main market are tourists arrive in large numbers to Chiloe in the spring and summer.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Chiloé: cultural heritage reservoir in Chile The overall objective of this work is "Understanding the determinants and institutional processes that help access for goods and services with cultural identity (CI) to dynamic markets, have large effects on economic and social development of rural areas by strengthening their IC ".
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Keys of a territorial development strategy with cultural identity Culture, traditional knowledge and agricultural heritage in Chiloé. Keys of a territorial development strategy with cultural identity (DTR-IC)

The project has made a significant contribution to the territory, positioning indigenous and peasant communities as central actors of the local development, by the following achievements:

The recuperation of local crops and livestock and their associated knowledge, improving agroecological systems and promoting exchange networks of biodiversity between peasants.

Successful training experiences, where technician, academics, professionals and peasants can learn from each other, and where the local knowledge as well as scientific knowledge, are equally recognized.

A large network mobilized to strength family and peasant farming, conformed by public, private and social organizations, and compromised government agencies leaded by ODEPA.

A certification mark “GIAHS Chiloé”, developed to add value into goods and services related to peasant agricultural tradition, also providing strategies to bring together the different actors involved, and encourage innovation and partnerships.

CET receives international award for its work in Chiloe International Union of Municipalities, UIM, rewards work experience in Chiloe and territorial development with cultural identity. http://www.legislaturasanjuan.gob.ar/tu-legislatura/xi-congreso-uim-san-juan/item/4701-conferencias-sobre-el-desarrollo-economico-local
Delivery SIPAM certification to farmers and service providers official delivery of the first certification SIPAM farmers. This seal creates a new value-added agricultural products farmers. AAllows the economic integration of different local actors, improving the living conditions of farmers.lows the economic integration of different local actors, improving the living conditions of farmers.
Delivery SIPAM distinction to the municipalities of the province of Chiloé Municipalities are the institutions that support local knowledge about the importance of SIPAM denomination to Chiloe.
Meeting for the identification of programs to support the initiative SIPAM Meeting between government officials and farmers. The objetive is to coordinate joint actions and support from the state.
Reproduction through botanic seed manual José Graziano da Silva, General Director of FAO, receives form the director of CET-Chiloé, Carlos Venegas, the native potato reproduction through botanic seed manual to adapt to drought, developed within the project.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Certification Brand SIPAM Chiloé. Regulation Rules for use of the certification brand SIPAM Chiloé. For products and services from the Archipelago of Chiloé

The principal beneficiaries of the project are the peasant families and indigenous communities involved with agroecological production and sustainable valorization of the cultural identity and local biodiversity. In addition, several local companies like, restaurants and tour operators, are beneficed by the certification mark and access to local markets of products and services with added value under a Corporate Territorial Responsability concept.

Despite all efforts, the industrial agriculture promotion and extractive activities in Chiloé has worsened the loss of biodiversity and lack of economic opportunities of rural families. Faced to this, the major need tackled by the project has to do with the availability f networks where they can acquire and exchange the biodiversity and knowledge needed to restore their traditional agroecological systems, and the possibility to economically valorize their heritage and their ultural identity, instead of trying to compete on costs and prices.

Empowerment of local actors Empowering young women to visualize the importance of their production systems, biodiversity and knowledge, for the territorial development strategy Chiloé GIAHS Site.
Peasant cooks displaying their knowledge. A chance of promotion and market to communities is through the food associated with tourism. This opportunity has been developed in coordination with hotels and restaurants.
Peasants preserving traditional cultures. Traditional crops in SIPAM scheme are a source of differentiation and revenue generation.
Traditional agroecological livestock producers This type represents the traditional livestock producers of chiloe promoted by SIPAM.
Traditional cuisine with agroecological products. Farmers cooks and local chefs exchanged knowledge to create innovative dishes based on traditional products.
Traditional wheat producers. Conservation of traditional production systems and ancestral practices.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Value of cultural identity in the promotion of the territory of Chiloé Recognition of the value of cultural identity in promoting products and services.

The initiative was locally executed by the  Education and Technology Center (CET), a NGO specialized in agroecology and rural development, with a 28 years trajectory in Chiloé. The professionals involved in the project were 2 Agronomist, 1 Veterinary and 1 Anthropologist, plus the continuous collaboration of at least 14 leader peasants and 1 chef. Coordinated by CET, they have contributed their experience and capacities in order to engage local communities in the process, working on the field, and executing the project activities. This team demonstrated the ability to innovate and work together in a transdisciplinary perspective. Also important has been the collaboration with government institutions, specially with the Office of Agricultural Policies ODEPA as focal point of the GIAHS global program in Chile, coordinating political and administrative entities, and searching paths to expand this experience to other places in Chile.

Andrea Curumilla Curiñan Young farmer and leader of the Punta Chilen community has been part of the GIAHS initiative.
Andrés Lagarrigue Ibañez Anthropologist and Master in Rural Development. Permanent member of the technical team.
Bárbara Gómez Montenegro Agronomist, a member of the technical staff of the Center for Education and Technology, participating from the beginning Sipam Chiloé program.
Carlos Venegas Valdebenito Veterinary and agroecologist. Director of the Education and Technology Center, CET Chiloé. Manager and coordinator of the initiative SIPAM Chiloé with the CET technical team.
Cecilia Guineo Farmer and president of the Association of Organic Producers of Chiloé.
Gallardo Andrade Family Luis Alberto Gallardo, Sonia Andrade y Luis Alberto Gallardo. Family has been part of the process and supported through their activities and experiences.
Héctor Cárcamo Cárcamo Agronomist, a member of the technical staff of the Center for Education and Technology
Nahuelquin Rivas Family Organic farmers who have done an excellent job of spreading GIAHS initiative.
Nora Martinez Artisan and farmer who served on the team since the beginning GIAHS
Norma Aguilar As a farmer and caretaker of seeds, especially in rescuing native potatoes of Chiloé. He was part of the program from the start SIPAM Chiloé
Rafael Maripan It was part of the team of Chiloé SIPAM initiative. Its main activity is sheep production, producing quality cheeses.
Rodrigo Santos Local Chef, has participated in the evaluation initiatives for local products, along with women farmers.
Rosario Muñoz Farmer with extensive experience in the conservation of biodiversity of Chiloe. It has been part of the team since the start of the initiative
Saldivia González Family The family has worked on the implementation of the project. training farmers and students. Parents: Nolberto e Iris Childs:: Andrea, Gícella y Alexis

The main obstacle of the project, was the difficulty to transform the
GIAHS denomination of Chiloe into a concrete development tool, able to
impulse public policies, community empowerment, and new commercial
partnerships between peasants and others economic actors. To overcome
this obstacle it was important the participation of ODEPA and FAO, and a
long-term work to achieve best practices and demonstrable results on
food production and rural development goals. By this way, other
government institutions got involved in the strengthening of GIAHS in
Chiloé, like the MINAGRI including INDAP (that directly
attend peasants), the Provincial Gobernship of Chiloé, among many
others. Thanks to this work, the main national and regional
authorities are aware about the relevance of these development
alternatives, and now, new supporting programs are being designed and
executed to spread out the lessons of the project, and keep improving
the agroecological and peasant production systems.

Opening address by the President of Chile, Ms. Michelle Bachelet Chile has the Important Agricultural Heritage System of the World, SIPAM, Chiloé Archipelago, where biodiversity is expressed in the production of native potato and other agricultural species. SIPAM is an example of a new form of valorization of peasant agriculture. Fuente: http://www.fao.org/americas/noticias/ver/es/c/231875/
The Ministry of Agriculture reinforces Chiloe GIAHS Site. The Sipam initiative is part of the strategic objectives of the Ministry of Agriculture in terms of added value, in this case through local labels like the certification mark Sipam Chiloé designed to strengthen the cultural identity in the context of sustainable agriculture Fuente: http://www.minagri.gob.cl/subsecretario-de-agricultura-participa-de-entrega-de-certificados-sipam-chiloe/
secretary of Agriculture delivery certification mark SIPAM to farmers. The activity was attended by international, national and regional authorities, including the Secretary of Agriculture, Claudio Ternicier; the representative of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Eve Crowley; Mayor of Los Lagos, Nofal Abud; Governor of Chiloé, Pedro Bahamondez; Seremi Agriculture, Pamela Bertin; National Director of the Office of Agricultural Studies and Policies (ODEPA), Claudia Carbonell; subdirector of the National Institute for Agricultural Development (INDAP) Ricardo Vial and the regional director of INDAP Enrique Santis, among others. Fuente: http://www.indap.gob.cl/noticia/subsecretario-de-agricultura-destaca-pequenos-agricultores-con-sello-sipam-chiloe
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf trajectory of iniciative and achievements. Gradually transforming into a development tool that empowers communities, generating new commercial joint farming communities with other economic actors.

Chiloé obtained the GIAHS denomination because the local communities have developed through their history, sustainable strategies to manage biodiversity that allow to conserve and protect the environment, while providing the territory with food and other goods. The denomination through this project is a very important step in order to recognize and disseminate these traditional peasant systems, making evident their contribution on vital environmental services in a world threatened by food scarcity and Climate Change. For example, in the context of the project a group of peasant women developed new varieties of potato adapted to drought, based on native varieties and ancestral knowledge about its reproduction. Otherwise, the GIAHS Chiloé certificate brand recognizes and promotes products and services coming from agroecological systems that maintain globally important biodiversity, and sustainably integrate forest, agriculture and livestock, also avoiding the use of agro-toxics.

Promotion of agricultural livestock integration The sustainability of production systems is reinforced to recover traditional practices. These practices have historically developed diversified and resilient systems.
Traditional Knowledge and Climate Change Adaptation The reproduction through botanic seeds is an ancient technique used by the peasants precisely to develop new varieties. This technique is then an important element in the creation of agro-biodiversity, like this potatoes adapted to drought
Traditional farmers. A traditional practice of protection of Biodiversity is performed seed keepers specifically native potato. This protection of biodiversity improves local production systems and promotes improvement in the living conditions of communities.
agroecological production Conservation of biodiversity and traditional knowledge
recycling techniques and utilization of organic matter recycling organic waste reduces costs and allows produce healthy and added value food. These products are sold in local markets branded SIPAM certification.
traditional planting system Diversified agroecological management and sustainable use of the environment
Globaly Ingenious agricultural heritage systems. Chiloé The Certification SIPAM indicates proper management of the environment and biodiversity. SIPAM strengthened assessment and visibility of traditional farming systems
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Climate change in the transformation of rural practices and peasant knowled This post-graduate thesis discusses the relations between climate change, local agroecosystems, traditional knowledge and peasant practices.
../file-system/small/page ../file-system/small/page ecosystem services of the farming systems Peasant Chiloé developed from native potato varieties, new varieties of drought-resistant seeds, through traditional techniques. This is an example of adaptive capacity of farmers chilotes systems.

The long-term impact and the sustainability of the project are achieved, because strengthening local productive systems and conservation of biocultural diversity, are strong motivators to the engagement of peasant communities, local companies, and consumers in general. The project takes advantage of this interest by using innovative methodologies to establish permanent partnerships between local actors. In this sense, the project has contributed to assemble new local markets able to circulate products and service with cultural identity. This process it’s very positive to improve social and economic development opportunities for the families, organizations and companies, which are fundamental to the continuity of the project. Moreover, the project counts with a network of government and international institutions that support the continuity and scaling up of the project through planning and implementing of tools like the certificate brand GIAHS Chiloé

GIAHS Chiloé certification brand The certification brand GIAHS Chiloé is a permanent project to strengthen rural development and GIAHS project in Chiloé
Handicraft and innovation Techniques and local produce stalls in value through innovation Local artisans working with designers produce new objects.
Legal Certificate of brand GIAHS Chiloé. This is a permanent result of the initiative that strengthens the territorial value, highlighting and protecting the contribution of rural communities.
Long-term results on biodversity exchanges A group of students look at the result of their practical work in a Agroecology Diploma. This activity was important to enlarge the exchange network of biodiversity and knowledge.
Public private partnerships to promote peasant agriculture Peasant and local entrepreneurs work together with the autorities to plan programs and public policies in order to promote peasant agricultura and rural development. Some actual and operational results of this work are; specialized technical assistance to peasants producers, credits and subsidies to the promotion of agroecology, training programs specially oriented to young peasants, diffusion initiative, among others.
Sustainable Tourism Engagement This picture shows the public attending to a Seminar about Tourism Engagement in the contexto of GIAHS project. It demonstrate the wide engagement of local actors on this kind of developments.
Tourist routes offered by peasant An important result is this new economic activity of the rural communities. This activity is certified by the mark SIPAM Chiloe, and articulates tour operators with rural communities. Operators and hotel companies have established fair trade relations, regulated by the certification mark GIAHS.
certified product Local Product Certificate.
rural tourism Activity of educational tourism with cultural identity in family farm. A new and effective alternative income generation for rural communities
Family Initiatives based on cultural identity Strengthening local production systems based on their cultural identity, and this element encourages participation in many rural communities of Chiloé.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Graduate Thesis: GLOBALY INGENIOUS AGRICULTURAL HERITAGE SYSTEMS GLOBAL INGENIOUS AGRICULTURAL HERITAGE SYSTEMS: A LOCAL UNDERSTANDING ON THE ISLAND OF CHILOÉ.

The project diffusion strategy it’s based on training, exchanges, communications, and partnerships. The training component includes courses workshops and diplomas, where diverse actors (peasants, technicians, adults, young, women, etc.) learn together, the local knowledge is recognized and the peasant leaders act as teachers of this diversified learning community. Workshops are also important to the exchange of seeds, plants, experiences and traditional knowledge, including the transmission of the project innovations. In terms of communications, digital and printed materials were complemented by the participation of peasants in local, national and international fairs and exhibitions, to show their products and the principal results and innovations of the project. Finally, partnerships play a major role in systematization and diffusion through the execution of projects to spread out the initiative. For example, the certificate brand has operated like an efficient spreading tool.

Diploma in territorial development with cultural identity The participation of the Universidad Austral de Chile, in coordination with rural communities and other institutions, has helped the scalling up te SIPAM strategy in the country.
GIAHS Sites Management Manual The CET team in collaboration with ODEPA and FAO systematized the experience and lessons and developed a GIAHS Sites Management Manual, to spread and share the development model to others territories of Chile and Latin America.
Participation in "Terra Madre" Turin Fair Diffusion in international events has reinforced the strategy of local communities.
Peasant women leadership on biodiversty conservation and GIAHS initiative. The rural women of Chiloé plays a major rol in the conservation of local biodiversity and traditional knowledge. This text its being edited in collaboration with ODEPA and FAO, to share the fundamental participation and contributions of rural women in the GIAHS project.
XII Biodiversity Fair Between the 13th and 15th of February of 2013, the twelfth Biodiversity Fair took place in Castro, bringing together more than a hundred producers, farmers and artisans of Chiloé, who work on a wide range of materials and species. GIAHS was very important in this fair, as the denomination appeared always as a key element, due to its significance for cultural and agricultural heritage conservation in Chiloé.
meetings to exchange seeds and knowledge Exchange of seeds and knowledge is fundamental to the maintenance of cultural identity of territory.
training in agroecological practices strengthening traditional production systems for certification seal SIPAM
workshop coordination between farmers and companies for marketing have established sales networks for products and services with cultural identity. Certified tourist routes in tradicional communities, are being marketed by national tour operators.
Diffusion of Chiloe SIPAM in Expo Turin. International promotion through Platform Biocultural Diversity and Territories www.bioculturaldiversityandterritori.org
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Training workshop on agroecology PowerPoint presentation on training in agroecology. activity financed by CORFO