The bluefin tuna is a valuable species and endangered that arouses in many segments of knowledge and a deep interess is the charm and mystery . It 'valuable for the ecosystem, first of all and then for the economy because it is a fish most prized and sought after, has historical implications, environmental biosicurity and may also represent the response to the food needs of many populations. Since the beginning of 1990 it has developed breeding in the Mediterranean bluefin tuna with the capture of wild and their confinement in floating cages until they reach an appropriate weight for their marketing. This approach has highlighted major limitations of managerial going to impoverish, along with fishing, the size of the populations, to this must be added the health risk of introducing exotic agents in the Mediterranean (use of huge quantities of fish sourced ocean as food for tuna.
Sassari's University studies - ItaliaCandidato guida
Università di studi, formazione, ricerca, assistenza sanitaria.
Istituto Sperimentale Italiano Lazzaro Spallanzani - ItaliaPartner dell'iniziativa
The main purpose of the Istituto Sperimentale Italiano "Lazzaro Spallanzani" is the scientific research and the experimentation in the field of animal breeding and selection, especially focusing techniques in experimental embryology, in flow cytometry, in sexed semen in cattle, in molecular genetics (with particular reference to Real Time PCR) and cryo-biology, but also in the field of genetic typization and characterization of different species and traceability of foodstuffs of animal origin. The species of interest ranging from domestic mammals to fish and bees.
Agricultural Research Council, CRA IAA, Milan - ItaliaPartner dell'iniziativa
Nell’ambito del CRA, il CRA-IAA è una struttura che sostiene obiettivi di qualificazione dei sistemi agroalimentari ed agroindustriali, afferente al Dipartimento di Trasformazione e Valorizzazione dei prodotti agroindustriali. L'Unità di ricerca si occupa di aspetti biologici, biochimici e merceologici della trasformazione e conservazione dei prodotti agricoli con attività prevalenti nei settori delle tecnologie di post-raccolta per gli orto-frutticoli e con particolare riferimento al miglioramento delle caratteristiche nutrizionali e sensoriali dei prodotti agro-alimentari e al monitoraggio e miglioramento della qualità lungo tutta la filiera agroalimentare. Si occupa di innovazione di prodotto e di processo, sviluppando progetti per sostenere lo sviluppo delle imprese e garantire la tutela del consumatore finale.
Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety, Università di Milano - ItaliaPartner dell'iniziativa
Research and teaching university
ASL Milano - ItaliaPartner dell'iniziativa
Training programmes on life-skills education and peer education. Prevention, communication and surveillance HIV/STDs 2013-2015. Reading and Health - Read a book to your child, he will grow up happier and healthier! Programme on the Prevention of Dipendencies, drug free company policies With less salt in bread there’s more taste and … you gain in health. Campaign on the reduction of the salt content in bread. Stop to smoking. Knowing more about it. HPV Vaccination: It’s 4 u! Correct life-styles. Useful information for a better life. Walking groups. The promotion of physical activity in old age. Travel in good health. Prophylaxis and information on International vaccinations.
tuna RED in a race to feed the planet
Bluefin tuna is caught faster than they reproduce and stocks of this species have never been so low. Intensive fishing of the seventies and eighties has caused serious damage. The International Union for Conservation of Nature classified Atlantic bluefin tuna in the black list of species in danger of extinction. The group has gained experience on the subject of reproduction and traceability. Many scientists indicate that the sharp decrease of the bluefin tuna in the Mediterranean is one of the factors, along with the raising of the temperature of the water, which has contributed to the proliferation of jellyfish, including bluefin tuna is one of the major predators. These are the key elements that can make it possible to consider the bluefin tuna as a typical Italian product. From fishing in prehistoric times, traps of the Phoenicians, the massacre conservation in tin cans. and writes Camilla Baresani SEA PIG THAT YOU PUT ON THE TABLE ONCE A WEEK.
The controlled reproduction is a crucial step on the road to domesticating a wild species. The experiences described are the result of a multidisciplinary study of the biology of reproduction and development in different experimental conditions, in vivo and in vitro. addressed especially to the technological problems and biotechnological applications of assisted reproduction. Tuna is Also called the "tuna run" or "tuna forward" when migrating from the north to the warmer waters of the mediterraneo.The Bluefin tuna is a high valued fish threatened by a strong fishing pressure. In the last years research has been carried out to convert the present capture-based rearing activity in a real self-sustained aquaculture systems; this conversion would consent to safeguard wild bluefin tuna stocks and Increase aquaculture production. The main steps towards the domestication of a new fish species is to study the genetic structure and achieve control of reproduction.
Research has been carried out to convert the present capture-based rearing activity in a real self-sustained aquaculture system; this conversion would consent to safeguard wild bluefin tuna stocks and increase aquaculture production.The main steps towards the domestication of a new fish species is to study the genetic structure and achieve control of reproduction. In this project, we studied the Genetic variability in wild population of Bluefin tuna in mediterranean sea and we developed a cryopreservation protocols for tuna semen conservation. Genetic variation and the presence of genetic stock structure of bluefin tuna in a large area of the Mediterranean sea have been checked in this study using microsatellite loci analysis. The introduction of new genetic markers, more powerful than the existing ones, would be useful in determining the eventual adaptive differentiation of Italian populations.
The bluefin tuna is a symbol of the Mediterranean, is one of the bigger fish and one of the commercially most valuable in the world. Precisely for this reason has for decades been heavily victim of illegal fishing especially widespread in its spawning grounds in the Mediterranean and is at risk of extinction. The protection of marine ecosystems and coastal area management, and the protection of small-scale fisheries expression of a local tradition not to be missed. The project aims to "integrate environmental concerns into land policies thereby contributing to sustainable development" giving priority to those sectors which provide a high absorption of labor and innovation (EXPO 2015 Feeding the Planet). The availability of captive broodstock will allow an increase in knowledge from the input of reproductive cues to recruitment determinism in the wild. This will allow better management of the resource.
Università degli Studi di Sassari - Piazza Università 21, Sassari P.I. 00196350904
Prof. Gian franco Greppi -Principal Investigator
Dott. S. Mura Ricercatrice
Università degli Studi di Milano Via Festa del Perdono 7 - 20122 Milano, P.I. 03064870151
Prof . Vittorio Dell Orto Direttore Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie per la Salute, la Produzione Animale e la Sicurezza Alimentare
Laboratorio di Biologia della Riproduzione e dello Sviluppo Responsabile Scientifico: Prof Alberto M. Luciano.
Istituto Sperimentale Italiano L. Spallanzani .La Quercia- 26027 Rivolta d'Adda (C R)
Codice Fiscale 80101410159
Andrea Galli Dirigente di Ricerca
Katia Parati Ricercatore
Silvia Cenadelli Ricercatore
Associazione Culturale ACQUAMARINA Cod. fis. 92043720900
Dr. Piervanni Depperu
Avv. Toto Porcu,
Prof. Salvatore Rubino
Prof. Michele Gutierrez
Quantitative genetics and population genetics, together with the integration of genomic tools, are the driving disciplines that delineate experimental designs. The setting up of these objectives pass through the control of the artificial reproduction and the husbandry techniques, the use of individual tagging systems (microchip and genetic fingerprinting), the development of specific control lines and the automation of data recording operations. The main difficulties are related to the technical aspects related to molecular genetics, and low efficiency in the number of tuna alive after 6 months. One of the crucial problems in modern aquaculture is the determination of the sex of the brood stock and also the sexual maturity. Sex and gonad maturity stage in fish studies
can be determined by gonad biopsy and this has been the method of choice in most aquaculture studies, rapid colorimetric methods are needed to clearly identify the affiliation of the species.
It has been always the intent to strive for communication and dissemination at the widest and highest level possible, to ensure that international cooperation and interaction could be achieved. Thus, the dissemination of the objectives and results of the project have been made at different levels targeting different sections of publics:Actions are
- Smart growth: developing an economy based on knowledge and innovation;
- Sustainable growth: promoting a more resource efficient, greener and more competitive economy
- Inclusive growth: fostering a high-employment economy the social and territorial cohesion
- Growth of research and development on a mediterranean scale and improving innovative solutions in a public dimension and shared with an innovative approach where science and technology transfer lies
logistically at the center of territorial needs (Science zero miles)
For several decades involved as coordinator or patner in numerous R & D projects at European and National level to support the involvement of the European aquaculture industry in breeding activities and to develop genetic and breeding tools for the management and conservation of the endagered species. Research is ongoing on the main epigenetic modifications involved in the final stages of oogenesis and that is accompanied by transcriptional silencing the activity of the oocyte, with particular attention to the role of gap junctions between oocyte and follicle cells and the intracellular messenger cAMP in modulating these processes. Since October 2010, these studies have expanded thanks to the collaboration with the Consortium "Embryogene", Canada (Prof. Marc-André Sirard) with a program that has as its goal the development of a platform transcriptomics to identify biomarkers predictive of the development capacity of 'oocyte in fish.
Ensuring the protection and restoration of habitats and ecosystems is possible through ation prior to the protection of human health is guaranteed only through the evaluation of the environmental quality and food safety, with implications for consumer food choices.
The Model Food Italian as part of the Mediterranean diet, has the ability to promote virtuous changes in food consumption and combine health and low impact on the environment. A food model is able to combine not only taste and health, but environmental protection, protection of biodiversity and consumption local and seasonal produce. The proclamation of the Mediterranean Diet as part of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity and the project application on the Mediterranean Diet acting within the Expo 2015, are clear indications that it is (re) -nascendo a different way of considering the production food and nutrition.