loading

Marine Aquaculture Development in Egypt (Debt Swap Program)

Place: egypt, Africa
Sustainable management of natural resources Sustainable management of natural resources
Total Budget: € 3.470.000,00 | Period: From November 2010 To November 2014

Summary

The project is supporting to the private enterprises of the sector, for increasing the production according to international standards, Public Institutions must give the guidelines to the private enterprises, taking into account both economic and ecological exigencies and needs (sustainable and responsible approach). 

Partnership

Ministry of Foreign Affairs - General Directorate for Development Cooperation - Italy

Lead applicant

L’organizzazione delle attività di Cooperazione allo Sviluppo, componente essenziale della politica internazionale dell'Italia, fa parte dei compiti del Ministero degli Affari Esteri (MAE), che demanda tali attività alla Direzione Generale per la Cooperazione allo Sviluppo (DGCS) che è l’organo preposto ad attuare tale politica, in attuazione della legge n.49/87. La DGCS attua le linee di cooperazione e le politiche di settore nei diversi Paesi, stabilisce rapporti con le Organizzazioni Internazionali, con l’Unione Europea e con le Organizzazioni non governative; programma, elabora ed applica gli indirizzi della politica di cooperazione e le politiche di settore tra cui sanità, ambiente e sviluppo imprenditoria locale; realizza iniziative e progetti nei Pvs; effettua interventi di emergenza e fornisce aiuti alimentari; gestisce la cooperazione finanziaria e il sostegno all’imprenditoria privata e alla bilancia dei pagamenti dei Pvs; promuove e realizza la cooperazione universitaria.

Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari - Italy

Initiative partner

L'Istituto Agronomico Mediterraneo di Bari-IAMB è la struttura operativa italiana del CIHEAM, istituito con Legge 932/1965 ed opera in 4 aree tematiche: - Gestione del suolo e delle risorse idriche; - Protezione integrata delle colture frutticole mediterranee; - Agricoltura biologica mediterranea; - Agricoltura, alimentazione e sviluppo rurale sostenibili. La formazione continua prevede corsi di aggiornamento anche a distanza rivolti a giovani dell’Area Mediterranea, Balcanica e del Vicino Oriente. L’Istituto svolge inoltre attività di ricerca applicata per migliorare la qualità della formazione con il coinvolgimento diretto dei corsisti nella ricerca e garantire un valido supporto alla progettazione e realizzazione di iniziative di partenariato. L’IAMB assiste le istituzioni, sia a livello centrale sia locale, per l’identificazione, la formulazione e l’esecuzione di progetti di cooperazione nei Paesi mediterranei al fine di promuovere la sicurezza alimentare e lo sviluppo sostenibile.

Ionica Aquaculture - Italy

Initiative partner

Marine fishes species production (sea bass/sea brem) both fingerlings and table size.

General Autorithy for Fishes Respources Development - Egypt

Initiative partner

The General Authority for Fish Resources Development has been established by the Presidential Decree 190/1983, with a General Mandate for the “Development of inland and marine fisheries and aquaculture” at the national level. To this effect, GAFRD was assigned specific responsibilities by subsequent Presidential & Ministerial Decrees. GAFRD operates within the Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture and it is responsible for fishery policy and management in the Country. GAFRD Agency main task is to support the private sector through innovative action as marine, pilot units, extension service sector Road Map/Strategy drawings. GAFRD is working as the fishery/aquaculture operative unit of the ministry of agriculture and Land reclamation, one of the most important ministries in the history of contemporary Egypt since 1875. The Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation is now organized according to by Presidential Decree No. 162 of 1996.

The Egyptian Country is not self-sufficient in fish consumption and the dependence of imported products makes the domestic market vulnerable to external factors (change in supply and currency fluctuations). Fishery and aquaculture products have high nutritional level but the quality of the imported one is highly variable becoming, sometimes, toxic for the consumers and increasing the risk of food safety. Marine aquaculture can offers high quality products with high level nutritional factors (essential aminoacids, fatty acids, vitamins,) that can reduce, for instance, the risk of cardiovascular disease and increse the food security.

New technologies for marine fishes reproduction (hatchery)  and rearing (marine cages)  have been introduced in Egypt to increase the national production and to meet the high demand of the consumers.

Fish artificial reproduction/larvae at the microscope Fish artificial reproduction/larvae at the microscope
Human resources/Training Human resources/Training
Training in Italy/Marine hatchery/Italian system and know how Training in Italy/Marine hatchery/Italian system and know how

Aquaculture offers high quality products with high level nutritional factors (essential aminoacids and fatty acids, vitamins, minerals) that can reduce, for instance, the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Marine aquaculture is the best choice to increase production (income, employments, economic benefits, nutrition level for the people). In Egypt it can be profitable considering the demand and the market prices, playing also a remarkable social and economic role in the coastal zone, improving the living standards of the population.
The Egyptian private sector has been well informed and assisted on the new opportunities trought the project extension service. 

Fishing of fingerlings from the wild Fishing of fingerlings from the wild
Strategy/Egyptian Institutions and private sector brainstorming Strategy/Egyptian Institutions and private sector brainstorming
Training/individual Report: training for traineers Training/individual Report: training for traineers

Pilot productions have been executed;  International Training has been organised for 9 technicians in Italy; 36 technicians trained on job in Egypt. Private sector is now asking licences approval for aquaculture farm implementation according to the National Strategy 

../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Newsletter 4 2012 Project Steering Committee: Strategy
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Newsletter 6 2012 Training for Egyptian technicians in Italian modern marine hatchery.

Egyptian Institution: they participated to the main activities of the project acquiring new experiences, competences and technical know-how (implemented training ) evaluating also the suitability of their regulations and procedures.

Private secgtor: The farms  have been assisted by the extension service implemented by the project (dedicated Manual for BMP in fishes rearing. 

Other stakehoders: the establishment of the commercial/demonstrative cage unit would greatly enhance the opportunities to share the much-needed experience in the operation of the marine aquaculture sector. The project units could serve as a model/training centre for fish farmers, consultants and GAFRD staff that deal with the processing of licences, environmental impact assessment and monitoring procedures and their enforcement

Beneficiaries Beneficiaries: public sector offers examples and guidelines to private
Extension service for supporting the private sector Extension service for supporting the private sector
../file-system/small/pptx ../file-system/small/pptx Made Pegaso Workshop Made Pegaso Workshop
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Newsletter 8 2012 Extension service for farmers

Egyptian Institution: Sector Chairman/Vice Minister; 10 Technicians with University Degrees; 20 Workers; Private sector trought the Institutional extension service. 36 technicians trained. 
Italian experts University degree: technical assistance in marine hatchery management and construction, marine cage management and installation, Environmental Impact Assessment 

Human resources Human resources, i.e. the key for development process
On job training On job training: professional capacity and know how
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Newsletter 10 2013 Project risks Extension service for farmers
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Newsletter 2 2013 New Phase

Problems: Social Country instability during (2011 and 2013), inflation and exchange rate EP/Euro.
Strategy: Work plan revision selecting the most important activities according to a sharing methodology between the involved partners/stakehoders.    

Methodolgies sharing/brainstorming for sector stakeholders interests analys Methodolgies sharing/brainstorming for sector stakeholders interests analysis

The Project served as model for Egyptian Institutions that  deal with the processing of licences, environmental impact assessment and monitoring procedures and their enforcement.
Environmental Impact Assessment/study on progress for cage rearing.  

Acquaculture production for reducing the fishing effort (overfishing) Acquaculture production for reducing the fishing effort (overfishing)
Monitoring for environmental impact control and mitigation Monitoring for environmental impact control and mitigation
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Newsletter 1 2014 Environment
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Newsletter 6 2013. Environment

Institutional sustainability insured by the Egyptian Institutional partner and by the National Development Strategy. Trainings organised for transferring professional capacity and know how to the beneficiaries and to insure the technical/management sustainability  after the end of the project.   

../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf MADE Road Map Report Final MADE Road Map Report Final
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Newsletter 2 2014 Sustainability

Project Newsletter have been edited both in English and Arabic languages.
Power points have been prepared to communicate and spread the project contents (objectives/results/indicators/activties) trough the organised workshop. 

../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Newsletter 3 2013 Market and strategy