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Electrification with solar energy of two communities in the West Bank and participation of the electricity company in the management of the service

Place: palestine, Asia
Sustainable management of natural resources Sustainable management of natural resources
Total Budget: € 100,00 | Period: From September 2012 To April 2014

Summary

 Palestine has a large number of remote small communities with no electricity services and the probability of connecting them with local grid in the near future is very poor, because of desiring of Israeli occupation in displacement of people from their land and financial issue.

Energy Research Center present initiative to address the challenge in those communities in related with technology, political and environment issue which encourage the institute to propose to initiate solar PV system project which supplied the Beneficiaries with 1 KWH to meet their current and future basic needs with similar level of the quality than the normal electricity grid and supporting their steadfastness in those area. And also this resource is a clean energy, so the CO2 emission will be reduced in comparative of using diesel generator which pollutes the environment.

Partnership

Energy Reserch Center (ERC) - Palestine

Lead applicant

The ERC is concerned with research, development, system design, feasibility studies, training in all conventional and renewable energy fields, energy management and energy conservation. In early 2000, the scope of the ERC was expanded to encompass the impact of energy on the global environment, health and social development. The ERC concentrates on research and development in the following areas: energy Efficiency, Global Environment, Electric Power Systems, Energy Storage, Data Monitoring and Collection, Solar Thermal, Photovoltaic, Wind Energy, Other Related Areas, and the centre can offer consultancy in related projects.

SEBA Association - Spain

Initiative partner

SEBA is a non-profit organization founded in 1989 in order to act as a consultant to the users of the first rural electrification programs with autonomous photovoltaic solar energy. In 2000, when the Real Decreto which allowed connecting photovoltaic systems to the power grid and selling the produced energy to the electric utility was published, SEBA was one of the first actors in installing and managing this kind of systems, facilitating the complex task of legalizing the system and selling the energy to the electric utilities. When the association was first founded, its ambit of operation was limited to the European Union. By starting the work on international cooperation, SEBA has widened its ambit to other continents (South America and Asia). SEBA is registered in the association register of the Generalitat de Catalunya. nº 11252. Section 1. Barcelona. CIF: G 58847344, in the Association National Register nº 90.997 of Madrid and in the NGDO register.

Trama TecnoAmbiental (TTA) - Spain

Initiative partner

Trama TecnoAmbiental (TTA), founded in 1986 and based in Barcelona, Spain, is an international consulting and engineering company that specializes in distributed generation through renewable energy sources, energy management and efficiency, rural electrification, self-generation, integration of renewables in buildings, sustainable architecture, as well as, specialized training, education and technological development related to its activities. A pioneering company in this sector with more than 25 years of experience, TTA offers its clients a solid background in carrying out projects from their evaluation and design phases, through to implementation and subsequent monitoring and maintenance.

Electric company, Municipality of Yabad - Palestine

Initiative partner

we address challenge under 3 broad research theme of solar energy capture, distribution and storage. this solar energy research initiative aim to the following objectives: - Establishing technology of 1 kwh per house in communities to meet their needs and reducing dependence on diesel generator, to support their steadfastness in those areas and to generate useful data for future implementation of such projects in the region - Clean energy resource to reduce CO2 emission in comparative of using diesel generator which causes high rates of environmental pollution - Modules in solar power station will be used for research and as test platforms for large scales solar energy technology by analysis the data generated by this station - This initiative will provide practical input for graduate and undergraduate teaching programs and will provide training and human resource development in the area of renewable energy - it will increase the awareness of green technology amongst the public

Success factor:
- Using different methods for implementing PV system to increase the number of beneficiaries’ family, as follow: Centralized PV system and Decentralized PV system based on the area topography
- Using Dispenser to control electricity consumption: The electricity dispenser BII is digital multifunction mono-phasic meter which can manage intelligently the individual energy load demand in micro-grid based on limited generation resource as it is in photovoltaic stand alone installation. This system stimulates users to consume in responsible and sustainable way  in sunny hours and alerting them when the batteries is low. Thus, to ensure good batteries state and so of the electricity services itself.
- Advantages: All component of system work within their rated limits ensuring the minimization of black-outs, the components of the micro grid life span are extended, higher system efficiency, around zero of maintenance and operation costs, better control of cash flow by operators

The location of target communities is favorable for solar energy implementation. However, being under occupation relying on Israeli Electricity poses endless challenge for the researcher, engineer and government. There are villages unconnected from main grid. Therefore, our country requires solar energy development at different scales. the result of research in different areas promoted large project and this start with Palestinian solar initiative (PSI) in the end of the year 2012. these communities lie in rural, surrounded by Israeli settlement where it is not allowed to  have the basic services, off grid region with distance over 5 km away from closest urban .the access to the village is unpaved rocky road, and from human aspect its dangerous at night without light. getting electricity, residents feel more safety and as culture impact in some communities, they could build service buildings as school so the children can study without tiring of crossing the rough road to reach school.

the existing experience shows that in spite of available technology options, the success of solar energy program especially in rural and remote area remains challenge and need specific attention, but our project have proven to be successful through increased the demand by communities who heard of the benefit of project from member of communities which PV project have been implemented in their area and other prove that the number of PV project done by the ERC is increased through years; this project support the steadfastness of people there to remain in their land increasing the awareness of the Palestinians to the use of alternatives clean energy and opening new horizons and employment opportunities for Palestinian youth in the field of energy and through the training and operation of a group of individuals capable of implementing and designing solar systems in order to serve the Palestinian community in general and become independence from control of Israeli electricity company.

The project idea was to serve all parties of community in a constructive and orienting the decision maker's attention to alternatives of energy sources and how to take appropriate measures. the benefits were:
For the consumer: the project helps the resident of rural area to get electricity and increasing the awareness of benefit of those systems
For the researcher: by getting a good data demonstrate the ability of those systems to generate electricity and the difference in capacity from region to other to create a good picture of how implemented high efficient and effective system
For policy maker: it helps to find a solution for the complete dependency on IEC
for industry: solar photovoltaic (PV) technology market has experienced remarkable growth over the past decade becoming a mainstream source of electricity, and Increased demand means increased prices in every sector, but solar energy economical over their lifetime even it has high initial costs. So it is profitable investment.

The initiative was carried out through the involvement of several human resources, both at the administrative and  scientific level. 

Main barriers are the Israeli occupation which prevents people to get basic forcing them to migrate and the rough nature of region that difficult reaching those area. Moreover, there was no policy regulations to protect the resident rights because its area c and under Israeli control, and there is no party to cover the high capital cost and funding the project. ERC has overcome the hardship and take the first steps to implement this type of projects with aid of international parties to fund and protect the installations. Even though, we faced problems by the occupation authorities during establishment regarding seting up solar panels.  Moreover, we couldn't set up a new room for electricity because any new construction is likely to be demolished. Therefore, we restored  some existing rooms to continue the project, and we took into account the nature of the rugged region through the design and installation Which led to implement two systems, a centralized and decentralized

In order to make our project financially sustainable, we used Dispenser for each family in project. The Dispenser BII manages the load demand with the EDA (energy daily allowance) contracted by each users, the contracted tariff and that information are charged in the device through the RFID card. Practically the users pay a fix monthly fee and so contract an amount of energy (EDA) which take into account their energy needs and their payment possibility and which the dispenser deliver to them daily. This fee will put in the community account to allow the beneficiaries to maintain the system and thus will extend the life span of PV system. The overall achievement of the project will be: increase people capability in the management of energy-systems, more efficiency in the consumption of energy resources, reducing pollution and CO2 emission by reducing the use of diesel generator, reducing the amount of diesel to be used in generator operation and thus the cost of buying diesel

As a result of the success of this project , the desire of people to get these projects in their areas has increased and this can be seen from the attached map previously which shown increase number of projects in different areas of Palestine, which carry the same character in terms of the rugged areas and control of the occupation, but the difference is the use of different capacity suit with the needs of the population and the number of individuals making the idea of these projects are subject to transmission and use by various parties, in addition to obtaining useful values for solar energy potential in Palestine which draw attention to the use of these projects and connect them with the electricity network in the Palestinian areas, and this was the result of a positive and constructive step in the field of renewable energy and gain the ability to build larger and highly efficient system to relieve burdens of Palestinians from occupation politics and high electricity costs.

the dissemination included:
- installing the system at easily accessible location to monitor and maintain and to use it as module to train the users and technicians
-three types of training for users: 1) to identify their situation and how the PV system can improve their life 2) to explain the system components, the project impact, how to manage the consumption of devices and using high efficient applications 3) review the system work, component, impact and give them steps to conserve the energy by guide them into high efficient devices and number of hours for using each device and also how to do a simple maintenance or how to know if there is problem to contact the technician
- meetings and workshops, to demonstrate PV system's operation, capabilities, benefits and the study result
- Distributing leaflets and posters that promote PV
- organizing a day for the children peppered with recreational activities to raise their awareness of the solar energy importance and energy conservation