The main initiative of KVK is to train and develop confidence in rural population for prevention of post harvest losses which accounts to a range of 40-60% in different products. Proper processing utilizing solar radiation which is abundant in the region can save a big portion of produce going waste and add to feed millions of under-nourished and malnourished population. It can serve as a most powerful tool towards food security ensuring that everyone gets sufficient food with livelihood security also. Secondly, in dry areas the main focus is towards rainy season crop rest of the time the fields remain fallow. Thus the surplus production during rainy season can easily be processed and utilized for the rest of period. The rural communities can be motivated to adopt these practices which will lead to their livelihood security also as it leads to development of small scale and cottage scale processing industries in village itself.
KRISHI VIGYAN KENDRA, CAZRI, PALI - IndiaLead applicant
The KVK is a grass root level institution designed and devoted to impart need-based and skill-oriented vocational training to the practicing farmers, in-service extension personnel and to those who wish to go in for self-employment through "learning by doing". This Kendra was established in 1992 keeping in mind to accelerate the agricultural production and also to improve the socio-economic conditions of the farming community of Pali district of Rajasthan. Mandate 1. Conducting "on-farm trials" for identifying technologies in terms of location specific sustainable land use systems. 2. To organize training to update the extension personnel's skill within the area of operation with emerging advances in agricultural research on regular basis. 3. To organize short and long term vocational training courses in agriculture and allied vocations for the rural youths, with emphasis on "learning by doing" for generation self-employment through institutional financing and on-and off-campus training courses. 4. To conduct front-line demonstrations in various crops to generate production data and feedback information.
Department of Horticulture, Pali, Rajasthan, India - IndiaInitiative partner
The Department of Horticulture is responsible for the overall development of Horticulture in the state. The Department of Horticulture has the following mandate. • Area expansion under Horticulture crops based on agro-climatic suitability. • Production and distribution of quality planting materials of various horticultural plants. • Dissemination of advanced Horticultural technology. • Giving boost to dry land horticulture. • Helping the farmers to achieve water economy through special irrigation techniques. • Promoting hi-tech horticulture. • Assisting the farmers in availing credit assistance. • Organizing effective plant protection programmes. • Providing post harvest and marketing assistance. • Encouraging Organic cultivation methods. • Helping the farmers in value addition and export of Horticultural produce • Achieving high degree of human resource development. (HRD) • Providing support to the research organizations, especially to solve the burning field
Department of Agriculture, Pali, Rajasthan, India - IndiaInitiative partner
Activities of the Department of Agriculture can be broadly classified into the administration; Extension and Advisory Service; Trials and Demonstrations; Training and Farmers Education; Crop Development; Crop protection; Input supply planning (Seeds, Manures, Fertilisers and P.P.Chemicals; Agricultural Machinery; Soil and Water Conservation and Watershed Development; Command Area Development; Farm Information Service; Regulatory functions (Implementation of various acts); Implementation of Social Welfare Programmes and Soil Testing.
Presently, 30 to 40 percent of agricultural produce is lost owing to poor post-harvest handling, storage and processing methods. Therefore, there is high potential for lateral expansion of the agriculture sector at this level. The specific objective of the initiative is to ensure food security, improve nutritional status and reduce the poverty of marginal and small rural households through primary processing and value addition and improving income generating opportunities at the household and community levels. The primary vehicle for processing and value addition would therefore be the implementation of participatory extension processes through the capacity building through trainings and formation and/or strengthening of community-based “producer groups”. Members of “producer groups” would learn improved production, processing and marketing technologies through the participatory research and extension.
We had stressed on building capacity for women and youth for processing and value addition to the indigenous agricultural commodities. Our most relevant achievement is diverting the processing towards natural sun drying and dehydration techniques. Since plenty of sunshine is available in our region through out the year hence with technical guidance and hygiene we can utilize the surplus production for drying and this dried material can be used through out the entire year for feeding and nourishment. The dried product occupies very less space and with proper packaging it can be preserved for many years. It can also be used for development of cottage industries at village level creating employment opportunities within the living place of natives. Since the entire process is very simple and interesting even illiterates can be easily involved in this programme and due to very low cost it can be implemented at every household level.
India is blessed with abundant solar energy but in most of villages of rural India electricity supply is hardly 3-4 hours per day, hence there is need for exploration of renewable energy sources for environmental protection and sustainable development. In the month of December, solar radiation increases from 2.6 kWhm-2day-1 to 4.5 kWhm-2day-1 at Pali whereas during summer season i.e. March to May; this value ranges from 5.0 to 7.4 kWhm-2day-1. Pali receives 6.0 kWhm-2day-1 global solar radiation and 1.981 KWhm-2day-1 diffuse solar radiation on horizontal surface while 6.272 kWhm-2day-1 direct solar radiation at normal incidence. The average daily duration of bright sunshine is 8- 9 hours. The surplus produce losses of local farmers can be minimised by dehydrating fruits and vegetables. In off seasons the farmer can sell the dried products at higher price.
Through our initiative we had obtained very satisfactory results both in food security as well as livelihood security also. Due to our initiative rural women and youth have started small scale processing and are utilizing solar radiation for drying and dehydration of the excessive agriculture production and seasonal vegetables like tomatoes, cucumbers, kair, lasora, and other indigenous vegetables. In some of the villages, the women have joined together in group of 10 to 15 and formed Self Help Groups/Farmers Group. These groups buy the seasonal glut at very reasonable prices and then process them by sun drying on large scale. The marketing is also done on cooperative basis thus giving a boost to small scale cottage industries at village itself. Since the indigenous vegetables are grown without use of any chemicals/ fertilizers/ insecticides they are purely organic and the increasing trend towards organic produce make the marketing very easy with handsome returns.
The real beneficiaries of the activity are the rural women who after gaining the knowledge of processing and value addition could fulfil the food and nutritional requirements of their family. Secondly, the beneficiaries are the malnourished and the under nourished population which include all sections of the society basically the old age people, pregnant mothers and young children. These all sections require nutritious food/ balanced diet containing an adequate amount of protein, fats, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins. In arid environment getting green /leafy/ vegetables is a big problem since they are available only for a short duration during the rainy season only. Another important aspect was making the villagers aware about the importance of some of the neglected fruits and vegetables growing naturally in arid environment which are very rich in their nutritional values.
The main faculties which perform the initiative in the field were the total staff of KVK, Pali under the guidance of Director, CAZRI, Jodhpur.
See attached table
The main obstacles with their management are discussed T in the table attached
The Thar Desert of western India lies between 24040’ to 30012’ N latitudes and 6903’ to 7600’ E longitudes, covering an area of 210,016 sq. km. Traditional knowledge, coupled with the culture has played a major role in the preservation of the eco-system of the Thar Desert. Rural livelihood knowledge system has protected the biodiversity with which they have symbiotic relationship with Thar Desert ecosystem. In turn, they protected the desert ecosystem, conserved its biodiversity through and also enriched its fertility through various socio-cultural and religious activities, faiths and practices etc. Most of the fruits and vegetables of arid zone are available for a short duration only hence major part of produce goes waste due to limited processing. The native communities have adopted a unique Indigenous knowledge system of environmental conservation and sustainable management of these natural resources for food security.
Our initiative utilizes the concept of sustainability as this region is mostly rainfed and the most common form of agriculture practices here is sustainable agriculture. Secondly, there is optimum utilization of natural resources like moisture, sunlight, rain water. Some of the successful farmers who have adopted and practiced the innovation have motivated many others to adopt the same path and now the new generation farmers are very much interested in enthusiastic to adopt the sustainability principles. Now the farmers are producing what they can process and sell to market. Now the concept of agriculture is diverting towards agri-entrepreneurship mode and food and livelihood security is the main motto.
[Dheeraj Singh, M.L. Meena, M.K. Choudhary and M.M. Roy (2014). Innovation and Capacity Building through KVK, Pali: A Compendium of Successful Farmers. Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur (Rajasthan), pp: 78.]
The promotional and the dissemination practices adopted by KVK to communicate and spread the results achieved with our experience are enlisted as under.
a) Method demonstration
b) Result demonstration
c) Village meetings
d) Farmers fair
f) Group discussion
g) General meetings
One of the major functions of Extension workers is disseminating useful and practical information. One good way to do this is through well-planned and carefully-conducted method demonstrations. Method demonstrations served as one of the most effective Extension education tools ever developed. Although complete demonstrations require considerable time and effort, the payback comes when producers more readily adapt practices they perceive to be appropriate under local conditions. This is known as “seeing is believing.”