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Integrated pest management (IPM) and good agricultural practices (GAP) in Jordan Valley

Place: jordan, Asia
Quantitative & qualitative enhancement of crop products Quantitative & qualitative enhancement of crop products
Total Budget: € 0,00 | Period: From January 2007 To January 2007

Summary

IPM initiative on vegetables and fruit trees was launched in
1998 as a wide and long run extension programs. IPM program
aims to empower farmers by training them to become experts in
the production and marketing of their own produce. Different
activities of the initiative have implemented in different
governorates of the kingdom for many years.In this initiative we
have used IPM as a most effective, long-term way to manage
pests by using a combination of methods that work better
together than separately. We have used mainly a cultural
controls, mechanical and physical controls, and chemical
control. Pesticides are used only when needed and in
combination with other approaches for more effective, long-term
control. Also, pesticides are selected and applied in a way that
minimizes their possible harm to people and the environment.

Partnership

Ministry of Agriculture - Jordan - Jordan

Lead applicant

Organization and Development of the agricultural sector to achieve the following key objectives and in cooperation with the relevant authorities: o Increase the production of food and agricultural products. o Lasting agricultural use of natural resources without damaging the environment o Creat the right climate for investment in the agricultural sector. o Rural development and raise production capacity . o Increase farmers income and improve their standard of living o To provide protection for the health of livestock and plant environment and active participation in international organization for the competent regional and international conventions held in accordance with the asset used o Tolarate monitors the market and put the necessary legislation to regulate the marketing operations and raise their level. o Improve the efficiency of irrigation water use at farm level

German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) Office Amman - Jordan

Initiative partner

German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) Office Amman is located in Amman, Jordan. Company is working in General business business activities. The GTZ is an international cooperation enterprise for sustainable development with worldwide operations. Our experts offer comprehensive advisory services that provide viable, forward-looking solutions for political, economic, ecological, and social development in a globalised world. The GTZ promotes complex reforms and change processes, often working under difficult conditions. Our corporate objective is to bring sustainable improvements to people’s living conditions.

National Center for Agricultural Research and Extension - Jordan - Jordan

Initiative partner

NCARE is a semi-autonomous institution and a leading center for research and extension in Jordan C \ it serve as reference center for developing, conducting applied agricultural research and disseminate the results in order to achieve comprehensive and sustainable agricultural development through optimal use of the available natural resources and preserve environment. NCARE Goals: Adopt the latest research findings from local and other sources for the purpose of improving agricultural production. Conservation, preservation, and sustainable use of natural resources. Achieve food security. Maintain ecological balance through sustainable use of available resources without jeopardizing environmental status.

Incorporation of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in pest control strategy in Jordan was initiated by the Extension Service in the Ministry of Agriculture to minimize the use of chemical pesticides and to ensure an integration of various control measures in an informal manner without harmful effects on the environment and occupational and public health. In this initiative we have used IPM as a most effective, long-term way to manage pests by using a combination of methods that work better together than separately. We have used mainly a cultural controls, mechanical and physical controls, and chemical control. Pesticides are used only when needed and in combination with other approaches for more effective, long-term control. Also, pesticides are selected and applied in a way that minimizes their possible harm to people and the environment.

The innovation is using the soil solarization to disinfest soils which is considered an important method in soil sterilization of protected farming in the Jordan Valley. This technique depends on using solar energy to increase soil temperature to an extent that kill or weaken most of the soil pathogens and a considerable part of weed seeds. Many demonstrations in farmers' field have implemented during summer in the Jordan Valley region. Solarization is currently best alternative of using Methyl Bromide, since Jordan has signed an agreements to phase-out of this detrimental gas. Most of plastic houses’ farmers in the jordan valley have adopted the use of soil solarization as recommended technique to be followed.
By adoption of IMP; the farmers have changed their attitude and thinking towards using
the chemicals, they have got trained on the monitoring of pest; as the monitoring of pest is
very critical step especially in fruits trees to reduce number of sprays during the season.

soil solarisation process in protected plastic house in Jordan Valley, Jord soil solarisation process in protected plastic house in Jordan Valley, Jordan

In 1996 integrated pest management (IPM) was initiated by the Re 6 Extension Service to reduce risks of pesticides and develop of more sustainable agricultural production strategies. The initiative was built on convincing farmers to IPM and reduce pesticide use instead of the old method of using spraying programms. Extension Services concentrated on building public awarness about the health dangers of pesticides on farmers and their families, the consumers and the environment. The initiative has been successful in reaching out to farmers and open the channels for intensive and continuous collaboration among trained extension agents and growers. The IPM training has concentrated on providing the farmers with a tool for decision making through using of pest monitoring. This initiative was part of Jordan national strategy of pest control and has preceded the initiative of FAO (field schools) which launched in many countries by several years. 

Color traps in olive orchards as a method for monitoring and collecting of Color traps in olive orchards as a method for monitoring and collecting of olive fruit fly.
Farmers field training to identify the presence of insect pests. Farmers field training to identify the presence of insect pests.

Through different activities, the initiative has created the following main results:
 Farmers’ awareness on the use of pheromone traps and food lures to attract
insects, identifying the time of the insects’ prevalence and the proper timing for
management by partial application of bait materials and suitable pesticide.
Thus, they reduce the number of applications and the quantity of pesticides
used, and they also protect the biological enemies.
 Farmers were encouraged to use the botanical pesticides.
 Farmers were trained to read the label on the pesticides bottles and to realize its
health hazards.
 The initiative improved social and leadership skills. The meetings of farmers
(including of women farmers) during presentations and field days have built up
their confidence to ask and discuss what they want. Farmers were encouraged to
Re 8
form associations.
 A reduction of approximately 30% in the use of pesticides on fruit trees has
been achieved.

Male and female farmers who got trained on IPM practices and adopted IPM pr Male and female farmers who got trained on IPM practices and adopted IPM procedures into their protected

1- Extension agents (Training of trainees): Capacity building programs have been implemented
2- Fresh vegetables & fruits producers: farmers seeking for good agricultural practices in term of crop protection by using suitable and cheap inputs
3- Home garden owners especially women have trained on using IPM to control pests on oranmentals and other plants without chemical
4- Private sector especialy agricultural supply companies which are encouraged to provide input-materials needed in IPM.
5- Non-Governmental Organization: Many NGO's work with rural Re 10 women in rural areas have been benefit from many extensions programs in training their members on IPM related subjects in addition to other skills related to the marketing of free pesticides products. Many members has been become trainers in these organizations.
6- Schools Students: Hundreds of schools students have been participated in lectures and activities about the risk of pesticides.

Farmers meeting during a training session, Jordan. Farmers meeting during a training session, Jordan.
meeting with Jordan valley farmers on IPM practices applications meeting with Jordan valley farmers on IPM practices applications

The people that performed the initiative in the field as follows:
 National Project Coordinator: Dr. Raida Awamleh, PhD in Plant
Protection, Entomology, working at Minstry of Agriculture ( MoA)
 National Project Researcher: Dr. Marwan Abdulwali, PhD in Plant
Protection, Entomology, working at NCARE
 20 extension agents in the field from the extension units at different
governorates in the country

- Shortage of trained extension workers working in IPM since using IPM requires extension workers having sound understanding of plant protection. This situation was managed by training of more extension workers from other specialization.
2- A number of socio-economic factors act as a disincentive to participate in training courses especially for rural women, we have managed this obstacle by cooperation with NGOs.
3- Inadequate interaction between research and extension agencies, in order to solve this problem, MoA has emerged the extension services with the Re 12 National Center for Agricultural Research and Extension (NCARE).
4- Complexity of IPM and Simplicity of chemical pesticides; usually farmers prefer to spray chemicals rather than to learn new technique,
5- The dominant influence of pesticides industry; we have overcome by sharing farmers in IPM training, demonstrations, raising awareness of free chemical products for better health and prices.

IPM is a highly complex technology and its effect is extended outside the agroecosystem.
Applying the IPM has the following impacts:
IPM is a highly complex technology and its effect is extended outside the agroecosystem.
Applying the IPM has the following environmental impacts:
 IPM is environmental friendly by reducing risks associated with pest
management
 IPM enhances the biodiversity of the ecological systems in the farming
systems which applied this technique as it cares about the natural
enemies accompanying with the pest.
 Protection of at-risk ecosystems and non target species through reduced
impact of pest management activities.
 IPM promotes sustainable bio-based pest management alternatives, as it
encourages using of bio-pesticides and natural products.
 IPM more healthy and safer practice when it adopted by agricultural
workers
 IPM cares of food safety and safety of consumers by providing minimal
chemical residue.

Most of targeted farmers showed great interest of new techniques, some farmers still using feeding trap for fruit fly of olives as insect monitoring. sustainability and
transferability have been achieved due to the following disciplines:
 IPM provides farmers with technologies, policies, knowledge,
information and capacity building so they can increase their crop
productivity and profitability throughout time.
 IPM used all possible activities with minimum adverse effect on natural
resources and input-use efficiency.
 Implementation of IPM leads to minimize pest problems, misuse of
pesticides, and environmental pollution.
 Conservation of biodiversity of crop, soil, nutrient and water efficient
management through sound good agricultural practices (GAP).
 Poverty alleviation and strengthening of food security system through
increasing of yields productivity.
 Maintaining health of workers and their families and working
conditions

Olive Pests Manual designed for farmers (only photos), NCARE, Jordan Olive Pests Manual designed for farmers (only photos), NCARE, Jordan

Face-to-face(communication: Exchange of ideas and information
directly from the extension agents and farmers. C
2. Lectures, presentations, demonstrations and shows: used in
information dissemination to the farmers
3. Audio visual channels: T.V. shows, slides and videotapes were
produced on many subject-matters relating to good agricultural
practices and activities releated to IPM. Meetings with leader farmers
to show their activities have been broadcasted in Cooperation with the
official T.V and radio.
4. Hot-line telephone: we have assingned a hot line telephone to procvide
IPM extension services for farmers, any inquries or discussion or
quesions needed to be answered.
5. Books, booklets, brochures, and manuals production and
dissemination of participated farmers and for public

List of selected IPM publications produced on IPM practices and disseminate List of selected IPM publications produced on IPM practices and disseminated on farmers in Jordan