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Integrated Rural Development Program in the Swat Valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan)

Luogo : pakistan, Asia
Sustainable development of small rural communities Sustainable development of small rural communities
Budget totale: € 1.998.000,00 | Periodo: Da gennaio 2011 A

Sintesi

Il Programma di Sviluppo Rurale Integrato nella Valle di Swat prende corpo dalla giunzione di due progetti eseguiti tra il 2011 e il 2014 e, oltre che nell'insistere sulle medesime comunità di beneficiari, aventi lo stesso obiettivo principale: attenuare i fenomeni di povertà, riducendo il tasso di insicurezza elimentare, generando opporunità commerciali per i piccoli e medi produttori orto-frutticoli della Valle di Swat. Si tratta di un percorso che ha portato i nostri protagonisti a presentare i loro prodotti presso il Salone Interazionale del Gusto di Torino, luogo in cui il Pakistan non era mai stato rappresentato prima e motivo per cui, considerando di aver costruito un processo e non soltanto offerto un prodotto, siamo tutti molto fieri. Intorno a questo successo si sono volute creare maggiore inclusione e migliori opportunità, non ultimo attaverso il coinvolgimento delle donne, tema molto sensibile data la cultura del luogo come spiega la vicenda umana del Nobel Malala Yousufzai

Partnership

Italian Embassy in Islamabad - Overseas Technical Unit for Development Cooperation in Pakistan - Pakistan

Candidato guida

Le Unità tecniche locali sono istituite nei Paesi in via di sviluppo con accreditamento diretto presso i Governi interessati nel quadro degli accordi di cooperazione.I compiti delle unità tecniche consistono: 1)nella predisposizione e nell'invio alla DGCS di relazioni, di dati e di ogni elemento di informazione utile all'individuazione, all’istruttoria e alla valutazione delle iniziative di cooperazione suscettibili di finanziamento. 2)ella predisposizione e nell'invio alla DGCS di relazioni, di dati e di elementi di informazione sui piani e programmi di sviluppo del Paese di accreditamento e sulla cooperazione allo sviluppo ivi promossa e attuata anche da altri Paesi e da organismi internazionali. 3)nella supervisione e nel controllo tecnico delle iniziative di cooperazione in atto; nello sdoganamento, controllo, custodia e consegna delle attrezzature e dei beni inviati dalla DGCS.4)

Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries & Cooperation Department , Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan) - Pakistan

Partner dell'iniziativa

The vision of Agriculture Department is to see a prosperous and food secured rural population with exportable surpluses to generate employment and income opportunities in the province. The mandate of Agriculture Department as followed: 1. To ensure food security and improve the living standards of small farmers through increased production and employment generation. 2. To pursue agricultural development on sustainable basis. 3. To facilitate value addition for exportable products. 4. To reduce deficit in crop production through variety improvement. 5. To convert natural resources into viable business enterprises through scientific, technical, public private partnership and marketing support.

The University of Agiculture Peshawar khyber Pakhtunkhwa - Pakistan

Partner dell'iniziativa

Since its establishment in 1981, this University has been playing a vital role in imparting Agricultural Education and conducting basic and applied agricultural research throughout the Province, and disseminating the results of agricultural research among the farmers and general public through its outreach/public service activities.The university is a corporate body. It has powers, inter-alia, to provide instructions, trainings, research and outreach; in agriculture, animal husbandry and other such disciplines of learning. The mission of The University of Agriculture, Peshawar is: To produce quality graduates in agriculture and related disciplines; To conduct problem-solving farmer-oriented research to make the country self sufficient in food commodities To provide educational and research linkages to rural communities and the public in order to alleviate poverty in rural areas.

Model Farm Services Center Swat. - Pakistan

Partner dell'iniziativa

1. Registration of Farmers as member of FSC. 2. Service delivery of Agri inputs ( seed, fertalizers, pesticidies and plant protection activities). 3. Organize monthly meeting of the mangement committee with facilitation of concerned agriculture officer. 4. Contact with other farmers for the supply of fruits to the grading units for its seccesful and fruit full operation to get more income from graded fruits. 5. Passing resaluotion for seasonal activities. 6. Efficient utilization of farm machinery in respetive circles. 7. Linkages development with line departments and NGO,s for development of the field activities. 8. Maintain stock registre and cash book.

Institute of Rural Management - Pakistan

Partner dell'iniziativa

IRM has been operational in Pakistan since 1992 and is Pakistan’s leading development agency in the field of capacity development and poverty alleviation with focus on Participatory Development Training Programmes and Gender & Development.

Volendo presentare il Programma attraverso uno slogan si potrebbe scrivere:”BUONE PRATICHE DI PROMOZIONE DELL’ AUTISVILUPPO RURALE”. Si tratta infatti di un trasferimento tecnico e tecnologico di valore moderno che faciliti l’accesso ed il potenziamento delle opportunità dei contesti socio-economici locali, nell’intento di creare più reti sociali che garantiscano meno vulnerabilità a fenomeni di povertà e insicurezza alimentare, preservando al contempo la biodiversità dei luoghi e la multiculturalità delle genti. L’idea alla base dell’operato di questo Programma di sviluppo è distinta da un approccio “opportunity-led”, fattore che ne costituisce presupposto di sostenibilità sociale e culturale prima ed economica poi. Completa il quadro d’intervento il concepimento dei flussi di sviluppo a partire da risposte alle emergenze, socio-economiche e ambientali, in un unico e continuo momento di cooperazione, non come fasi distinte da logiche separate.

Tra le innovazioni introdotte , la più rilevante nel tema Feeding Knowledge è stato il processo di acquisizione, lungo tutta la filiera orto-frutticola “from farm to fork”, di procedure operative standardizzate generate in luoghi d’eccellenza agronomica in Italia e trasferite, adattandole, al contesto socio-economico del Programma. Per raggiungere questo risultato è stato necessario rafforzare la partnership tra la dimensione pubblica e privata del settore agricolo locale, promuovendo una mentalità associazionistica in un sistema tradizionalmente individualista e reso ancora più esclusivo ed escludente dalla presenza di un elevato capitale sociale negativo. L’aver proposto l’innovazione di un processo e non di un prodotto è stata la premessa di una sostenibilità socio-economica che ha condotto i beneficiari del Programma, tra le altre cose, alla partecipazione all’evento “Salone Internazionale del Gusto/Terra Madre 2014” network nel quale il Pakistan, , non era mai stato rappresentato.

Fruit for Salone del Gusto One of the results of the Program was to improve the visibility of local products, both domestically and internationally. To this end, an agreement with the Foundation “Slow Food per la Biodiversità” ONLUS was signed; it allowed to present for the first time the local production of Swat Valley (dried fruit) and Pakistan at the "Salone Internazionale del Gusto", held in Turin, October 2014.
Fruit selection and grading In the framework of the Rural Development Program in the Swat Disctrict, two centers for fruit selection and packing were established. The aim of the two centers, located in Tehsil of Kabal and Matta, is to create a marked improvement in all post-harvest phases, beginning with the selection of the products, then moving to packaging and sale phases through new and more profitable distribution channels.
Fruit selection and packaging The two centers of Kabal and Matta have a number of very innovative technologies. The selection lines, with an high level of automation, allows to obtain a product with a uniform size. In addition to this, the fruit, once selected, is packaged in single-layer packaging, facilitating transportation and determining a better shelf life to the product.
ADP in Swat Valley The main objective of the documentary, filmed in 2013, is to give an overview of the the Swat Valley reality, trying to investigate, in addition to the more technical aspects related to the project activities, the history and culture of the region.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Operational Plan - First Phase The Operational Plan of the First Phase of the Program
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Operational Plan - Second Phase The Operational Plan of the second phase of the program

Il Distretto di Swat rappresenta l’area operativa del Programma in cui il clima è influenzato dalla vicinanza d’imponenti rilievi montuosi e l’agricoltura dall’altitudine delle sue aree coltivabili, ideale per la coltivazione di specie erbacee ed arboree. A questa favorevole geografia fisica si oppone una complessa situazione socio-economica che ha recentemente registrato un netto peggioramento. Nel 2008 si è determinata una sostanziale privazione dei più basici diritti umani e la distruzione di centinaia di scuole. Nel 2009, lo sfollamento della popolazione. Tale emergenza  continua a tormentare la regione come testimonia la vicenda umana del premio Nobel, Malala Yousufzai. Nel 2010, a ordine ristabilito, in un terribile alluvione che ha distrutto l’economia locale. Al momento dell’intervento le perdite in agricoltura ammontavano a oltre il 70% della produzione totale assestandosi, un anno dopo, intorno al 40% nella sola fase di post-raccolta.

High peaks surrounding Summer in the lower part of the valley is short and mild, while, the area further north is fresh. The hottest month is June, with average maximum 33 °C and minimum temperature of 16 °C. The coldest month is January with average maximum of 11 °C and minimum -2 °C. The winter season is quite long and lasts from November to March.
Swat Valley: a perspective The valley is divided into two physical regions: Swat-Kohistan and Proper Swat. The elevation of the valley on the southern border of the district is more than 600 meters and rises rapidly to the north. There are several peaks ranging from 4500 to over 6000 meters asl, much of it covered with snow throughout the year.
View of Madyan Valley The Swat Valley is located in the mountainous region north of the Peshawar plain, at the foot of the mountain range that connects the Hindu Kush with the Karakorum. The valley is located in the north of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province (KP). Its altitude ranges from 2500 to 7500 meters asl. The total area is approximately 5500 square kilometers.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf IAO ATLAS IAO Atlas of the Natural Resources Evaluation in the Swat Valley
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Press Cuttings A selection of Press Cuttings resuming the last turbulent years of the Swat Valley.

Il principale risultato ottenuto è quello di aver trasmesso modello di filiera orto-frutticola innovativo, concepito per includere e creare opportunità, riducendo il potere degli intermediari e sottraendo i piccoli produttori dalla morsa dell’usura. In 4 anni si è assistito ad un aumento del numero degli associati nei FSCs del 200% e ad una sostanziale diminuzione delle perdite post-raccolta. 2200 produttori orto-frutticoli formati in tematiche agronomiche; creazione di 10 gruppi di donne (300 beneficiarie) formate e fornite di input di sussistenza; 300 beneficiari formati e dotati di input per la coltivazione di ortaggi fuori stagione; 200 formati e dotati di moduli per la coltivazione di funghi; visite guidate e studio a favore di 15 rappresentanti pakistani (4 tour); Comitati gestionali dei FSCs (totale 38 beneficiari) formati in temi di micro-finanza e gestione aziendale; Distribuzione di input agricoli per 500 beneficiari selezionati tra i più dediti alle buone pratiche agricole.

Farmers perspective The Program benefits small and medium-sized farmers in 8 councils of the tehsil of Behrain/Madyan. The resident population amounts to around 185000 units, with 2500 families dedicated to agricultural production.
Oyster mushroom cultivation The land available for agricultural practice, in most areas of the Swat Valley, is limited. To limit the intensive use of soil resources, a “non-conventional” crop like mushroom may represent an excellent form of investment for the local communities. It requires a minimum initial investment (the material for the general application of the modules and the creation of the substrata are readily available on site) and an area limited to a few square meters.
Vegetables harvesting The cultivation of off-season crops like peas, cabbage, potatoes, etc may represent a good source of income for the farmers who, not having large available arable land, may resort to forms of intercropping, rationalizing the use of available resources.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf ARI Hill Orchards Activities A sample of a technical report from the field.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf ARI oyster Mushroom Cultivation Another sample of field activities reported by one of the Implementing Partners to the program Coordinator who, when not allowed to access the Program area, needed to access information through field reports.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Analysis report on a frist sampling of dried fruits As requirement to export fruit the program fulfilled the necessity to provide a laboratory, analyst based, response to samples of dried fruit to later introduce in the international market.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Drawing of the Grading Plant A sample of the grading/processing plant for fruit and vegetable installed in two locations of the Swat Valley. A total of 1000 squared meters of land have been provided by the Government to private sector to encourage its development and empowerment.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Fruit Delivery Note Template Another important document to be released and spread within the FSC members
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Fruit Delivery Notice Template Another important document to be released and spread within the FSC members
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Fruit Delivery Regulation To regulate the campaign of fruit provision this kind of rules are need to be spread all over the rural communities and the FSC members.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Integrated Production Standards for Apple The program provided assistance, also by releasing specific standardized procedures, to support the introduction of best practice in pre and post harvesting. This document, particularly, are a first requirements to export fruits.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Integrated Production Standards for Peach The program provided assistance, also by releasing specific standardized procedures, to support the introduction of best practice in pre and post harvesting. This document, particularly, are a first requirements to export fruits.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Integrated production Standards for Persimmon The program provided assistance, also by releasing specific standardized procedures, to support the introduction of best practice in pre and post harvesting. This document, particularly, are a first requirements to export fruits.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Provision of National Land to our FSCs A witness of how the program managed to access land for the people of the Farm Service Centers of Matta and Kabal.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Regulation for Measuring Fruit Ripeness The program provided assistance, also by releasing specific standardized procedures, to support the introduction of best practice in pre and post harvesting. This document, particularly, are a first requirements to export fruits.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Vegetable's plots A list of locations where vegetable's plot have been planted by providing access to land to the low income farmers of the Upper Swat area.

I beneficiari diretti del Programma sono stati i produttori orto-frutticoli membri della rete dei cinque Farm Service Centers presenti nel Distretto di Swat: circa 2000 unità nel 2011, più di 7000 nel secondo semestre 2014. Si conta che i beneficiari indiretti siano stati più di 80000 su una popolazione totale di meno di 1.25 milioni (media 12 elementi per nucleo familiare). Ci si è rivolti principalmente ai piccoli produttori (nel Nord più povero, meno di un ettaro procapite) con una componente di coltivazione di ortaggi fuori stagione e di funghi, che ha favorito l’accesso a fonti nutrizionali dirette e indirette, collegandoli ai FSCs. Il Programma ha lavorato con i produttori frutticoli, medi e grandi, che avessero l’intento di convergere nei FSCs senza escludere i meno abbienti. Questo lavoro è culminato nella creazione di 10 gruppi di donne (più di 300) alle quali è stato impartito un programma formativo appositamente studiato con distribuzione di kit di risorse di sussistenza. 

Again smiling faces shine the valley Main beneficiaries of the Program are families whose members, male farmers or female, live in the most difficult areas from the geomorphologic, economic and social point of view. The Program’s activities will contribute to reduce the vulnerability to phenomena of extreme poverty and food insecurity, increase the opportunities for making profits through the marketing of the products and, reinforce farmer associations and women socio-economic role.
Education Matters The Project aims to contribute towards improving the technical competences of the women beneficiary involved in the initiative to render them less financially dependent on the male counterparts. But illiteracy is still the worst enemy of development
Field training The promotion of horticulture is critical for the economic development of the Swat District because fruits are an important source of income with tremendous scope for export. They are one of the three sectors with the greatest potential, along with hydropower and minerals. Horticulture offers direct benefits to male and female farmers in remote areas where steep glens are subject to severe degradation.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Baseline Report The University of Agriculture of Peshawar has been entrusted to implement the component of Gender (women) empowerment. Before taking any action a TNA has been conducted to assess needs and discover opportunities. Here the results are expressed on paper by the M&E unit from Istituto Agronomico per l'Oltremare
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf IRM Monitoring report on Gender component The Institute of Rural Management (IRM) has been entrusted by the program to cover, by monitoring, all the field activities and report on the main founding. This is the result to be compared with the one released by the Implementing Partner
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Microfinance Attendance Sheet How to be sure that funds are used for the right reason? Here an example on how create accountability in the IPs and beneficiaries.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Microfinance Brochure To get sociale and economic sustainability is necessary to involve in the process also strategic people other than the most excluded ones. This training was specifically focusing on the dynamics of micro-finance but also about responsibility of richer on poorer.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Socio-Economic Preliminary Survey The University of Agriculture of Peshawar (UAP) has been entrusted to conduct a preliminary socio-economic survey within and about the Swat District, this clearly before any decision to be taken. This action has helped very much to understand hidden dynamics and to find the weak point on which to invest the more.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf TNA Report The University of Agriculture of Peshawar has been entrusted to implement the component of Gender (women) empowerment. Before taking any action a TNA has been conducted to assess needs and discover opportunities. Here the results are expressed on paper by the M&E unit from Istituto Agronomico per l'Oltremare
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Training Need Assessment report The University of Agriculture of Peshawar has been entrusted to implement the component of Gender (women) empowerment. Before taking any action a TNA has been conducted to assess needs and discover opportunities. Here the results are expressed on paper
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Training of Trainers The entire system of technology and knowledge transfer has been studied to reach the beneficiaries not directly but through the local trainers, this to create a major sustainability. Here an example of reporting.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Training program on vegetable production A sample of training program

Si sono coinvolti un numero sempre crescente d’Istituzioni comunitarie, nazionali e internazionali, governative e non. Tutto ciò, contando su uno staff permanente, oltre al coordinamento italiano  (totale di quattro unità), di soli due elementi: un assistente (con funzioni amministrativo-contabili) e un autista (con funzioni logistiche e di mediazione culturale). L’apporto di risorse umane, necessarie allo svolgimento delle attività di campo, ma anche di coordinamento e di M&E, è stato fornito dalle controparti beneficiarie e d’implementazione: consulenti internazionali, ricercatori universitari, dipendenti della pubblica amministrazione italiana e pakistana, tecnici degli uffici dell’assessorato alle politiche agricole provinciale e distrettuale, ricercatori di Istituti agronomici italiani e pakistani, consulenti pakistani e italiani, produttori orto-frutticoli e titolari di piccole e medie imprese locali e italiane. Per un grafico organico si rimanda alla lettura degli allegati.

Knowledge transfer –Veterinary The program has hired a veterinary from the Department of Livestock Management to provide continuous support to the women groups who have been trained on backyard poultry and quails farming. Soon after this session they would have received their first livelihood kit composed by newborn birds and tools for managing and feeding them. The women, related to male members of the FSC network, met at a safe location previously agreed with their husbands and brothers. Barikot, Lower Swat (August 2014)
Precariousness in the Upper Swat As part of a 90 training sessions these field staff from the University of Agriculture of Peshawar, are experiencing several hurdles to rich a group of women who are waiting on the other side of a precariously rural bridge. Madyan FSC (September 2014)
Processing Plant at Matta FSC The General Management Committee of one of the five Farm Service Centers is proudly posing in front of the first processing plant, just installed by the Program, in Matta Subdivision (Upper Swat). This facility has introduced a new idea of doing agriculture and agribusiness by supporting the producers in the value chain “From farm to Fork”. (September 2013)
Study Tour to Italy As part of a Study Tour program a group of Pakistani technicians and beneficiaries is exploring the advanced agricultural system of Trentino Alto Adige, very similar to the Swat Valley in terms of climatic and morphological conditions. In this shot they are visiting the Melinda company as part of the insight on cooperatives. Trento – Italy (September 2011)
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf HR and Institutions Flow Chart Diagram of institutional and human resources involved in the program (2011 - 2014)

Si sono incontrate problematiche di due distinte tipologie: di natura concettuale, scostamento di quanto concepito tecnicamente in fase di formulazione con quanto rilevato in loco oltre e sviluppo inizialmente concepito come “poverty-driven” in un contesto caratterizzato da un elevato grado di analfabetismo; di natura operativa, difficoltà d’accesso all’area per motivi di sicurezza. Le problematiche concettuali erano dovute principalmente a un forte individualismo tra i beneficiari e all’impossibilità di rendere socialmente ed economicamente indipendenti i ceti più poveri. La soluzione proposta è stata quella di adottare un approccio allo sviluppo “opportunity-led”, includendo fasce di reddito medio-alto e coloro disponibili all’inclusione dei meno abbienti, guardando verso il cooperativistismo. Il problema operativo, se privi di accesso, si è arginato mediante la creazione di un sistema di M&E remoto ricevendo rapporti periodici (10 gg.)con la raccolta di materiali multimediali.

Education Matters During the trainings a clear and almost total illiteracy condition emerged by asking the beneficiaries to record their attendance and later on to witness the reception of the livelihood’s kits. Illiteracy is still widespread all over the district, particularly in the rural areas and almost totally among the female population. Illiteracy is a condition of slavery and reduce drastically the human agency to think and act about changes. Madyan, Upper Swat (August 2014)
Hurdles to Development During the summer season the most populated areas, usually located along the Swat river, are under a constant threat of overflows and flooding due to both monsoon heavy rains and snow melting. The field staff from the university of Agriculture of Peshawar and the Institute of Rural Management are ,in this picture, about to cross a dangerous bridge to reach the agreed location of one of the 90 trainings provided during the Program to women groups. Madyan, Upper Swat (September 2014)
The absurdity of war As part of the initial assessment, the Program staff is paying visit to those places affected by the 2009 military offensive to weed the terror of insurgency. This pictures is showing the field office of FSC Kabal, where insurgents were installed to control the area. The program managed to ensure the structure back to civilians, by clearing it of unexploded ordnance and revitalizing the entire field assistance system in one of the communities most affected by the internal displacement of 2009.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Field Report by the UAP Staff Coordination and collection of information are two important aspect when managing field activities and staff. To increase the access to information the Italian Coordination studied a system of 10 days report in order to have fresh info from the field, including removed areas, not accessible to international consultants. Here one example given by the UAP about Gender Component
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf The No Objection Certificate's nightmare Swat District has been classified a "Restricted Area" and since than the government pretended to release NOCs in order to let foreigner accessing the area. The entire operations of the program have been always influenced by this such of bureaucracy that if from side have guaranteed security on the other hand have delayed the operations. Such procedures could take even three weeks to be implemented.

Sostenendo lo sviluppo socio-economico dei beneficiari, non si è perso di vista la salvaguardia della biodiversità. Da un lato si è ottenuta una riduzione delle perdite di prodotto in fase di post-raccolta,  grazie all’introduzione di sistemi naturali d’essiccazione della frutta (irraggiamento solare), dall’altro si è ripristinata la collezione varietale dell’Istituto di Ricerca Agraria di Mingora, sabotato durante il periodo di guerra civile e tuttora occupato dall’esercito pakistano. L’Istituto ha, tra le altre cose, il ruolo di custode delle varietà tramite lo stoccaggio di adeguate quantità di specie erbacee ed arboree per sperimentare migliorie produttive. Durante il quarto anno operativo, sono stati messi a frutto oltre 200 ettari di terra sottratta alle aree marginali del settore settentrionale del Distretto (più interessato da fenomeni di scarso accesso alla terra e povertà cronica), puntando particolarmente su varietà di sussistenza ma anche cash-crop.

Accessing marginal lands The Agriculture Research Institute of Mingora made available a new 300 hectares of marginal step hill land to plant varieties of selected cash-crops in order to allow access to land to smallholder farmers by providing a chance of income generation in the medium-term. In the picture the ARI staff is assisting one of the beneficiaries who was previous trained on how to prepare for plantation and on how to manage the new plant during growth until fructification. This component highly contributed to the local biodiversity preservation by reducing vulnerability to poverty through access to land. Madyan, Upper Swat (July 2014)
Biodiversity preservation As the main component of local biodiversity preservation the Agriculture Research Institute has imported, under the supervision of the Program, 10.000 Euro of germplasms to be introduced in the Institute’s nurseries. In the picture the local driver of the Italian Archaeological Mission in Saidu Sharif (established since 1957) is preparing some gifted young olive plants to be planted in the garden of the mission’s guest house. Olive is one of the crops on which the Italian Cooperation is trying to invest the more in order to introduce a this crop whose nutrition values would be crucial to increase the food-security of the people. Saidu Sharif, Swat District (April 2011)
Lost in the midst of zucchini The Program, under the direct implementation of the Agriculture Extension Department of Swat, introduced all the necessary (training, inputs, tools and land) to cultivate off-season vegetables in the Upper Swat, most affected by poverty and food insecurity in the availability and access dimensions but also climatically suitable to produce the double harvest by providing the farmes a major advantage to sell products at higher prices. In the picture two beneficiaries, who are sharing this small piece of land, are taking care of a zucchini plot. The Program found that half the harvest was directly used for self-consumption and the other to generate income. Madyan, Upper Swat (July 2014)
Scale to diversify The technical staff from Agriculture Research Institute of Mingora (Swat District) provided full support to the beneficiaries while planting young trees of cash-crops varieties. This video is showing the hard condition to be effort to rich the selected location where low income beneficiaries can finally access land and care about their new opportunity. Madyan area, Upper Swat (August 2014)
The big-eared mushroom The Program has introduce an important component of mushroom cultivation in order to spread out in the District this agricultural product. Oyster Mushrooms, in the video ready for the harvest, have been introduced because they can allow access to nutritious food (low cholesterol and high proteins) at a low environmental impact (all the element are natural) by creating both self-consumption and income-generation conditions. 200 low-income farmers have been given this opportunity and they have immediately inserted the new crop in their daily diet.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Brochure on Oyster Mushrooms Brochure on cultivation and management of oyster mushrooms in Pashto language alongwith English translation

Si è registrata una graduale consapevolezza, nelle controparti d’implementazione e presso i i beneficiari, del potenziale esprimibile dall’intero universo agricolo locale. La sostenibilità è data dalla partecipazione, nei processi di creazione di un network di agribunisess, della partnership dei settori pubblico e privato. Lo testimonia la creazione dei centri di stoccaggio, possibile per la cessione, a titolo definitivo e a favore dei FSCs, di terra demaniale. L’esperienza è trasferibile presso altre comunità e in altre regioni del Pakistan replicando l'aumento del numero associati del FSCs (200% in 4 anni); l'inclusione della donna nella rete socio-economica dei FSCs; creazione di segmenti secondari di filiera (es. frutta secca); lapertura di nuovi canali commerciali (Afghanistan); il maggiore accesso alla terra (coltivazione d’aree marginali del distretto); più opportunità di lavoro giovanile. Know-how italiano, saperi tradizionali, tecnologia e manodopera locale.

Detecting the diseases During the Program first phase (2011-2013) a 2200 farmers, members of the Farm Service Centers Network, have received technical training on agriculture related topics. In this picture the agricultural officer from KABAL FSC is showing the beneficiaries how to recognize and dial with a fruit disease and how to prevent it trough a proper orchard’s management. The system for knowledge transfer has been a core element of knowledge transfer in the Swat District due to the condition of rural families. It is estimated that for each member who directly access the trainings, almost 5 more have indirectly benefied in a “learning by doing” process. Kabal, Lower Swat (April 2012)
United by the opportunities The University of Agriculture Peshawar (UAP) have imparted some 90 trainings in different topics of house-hold agricultural related activities. This has been an opportunity for women to learn and receive the livelihood kits but also to meet other beneficiaries and share experiences, needs and dreams. The cultural practice of Purdah can lead, sometimes, until the impossibility of communicating with people outside the immediate family. More than 300 women have been approached during this activity and thousands more have shown a direct interest in being part of this new network. The picture is showing a group of them while receiving a backyard poultry farming training by technicians from the University. The location was completely preserved by the presence of male individuals.
Who could say mushrooms are poisonous? The success of this experimental activities of Oyster mushroom’s cultivation led to a direct increase of the interest in the local farming community. Among the 200 selected farmers for this first introductory phase the productivity of mushrooms was so efficient that 2000 more have requested to be part of future distributions or, eventually, asked “know-how” to introduce the production by themselves. In the picture is possible to observe one growing kit that has produced mushrooms ready to be eaten or sold. Madyan, Upper Swat (September 2014)
The beauty of knowledge For each and every field activity that was base also on the distribution of kits or physical assets the Program has encouraged the implementing partners to provide specific training in order to create the premises to promote sustainability in the development processes. In this video the Agriculture Research Institute Mingora (Swat District) staff if providing training on how to dial with diseases and pests that might affect the fruit orchards and that are affecting the percentage of pre and post-harvest losses. Almost 3500 beneficiaries have been trained since 2011 and, since than, the spreading of good practices in agriculture surely contributed to reduce a 20% of the losses and to produce more nutritious and safe fruits and vegetables. Considering that knowledge is usually transmitted “by father to son” in the rural areas, the multiplier effect of dissemination is estimated to have a ten thousands farmers more influenced by these good practices. Upper Swat (April 2014)

La campagna di comunicazione è stata concepita per rivolgersi più al beneficiario che al donatore, come componente attiva del processo di sviluppo. Opuscoli tecnici (in lingue locali e inglese), materiale illustrativo  (foto, poster, etc.), seminari tecnici e informativi e tre Steering Committee di progetto per annualità. Ad un pubblico più ampio ci si è rivolti realizzando due seminari maggiori, con copertura su stampa nazionale. Un sito web: www.swatfruit.com, aggiornato e interattivo. Study Tour, a favore di beneficiari del Programma, presso realtà avanzate di sviluppo agricolo in Italia dove, oltre ad apprendere, si è esposto quanto realizzato in Pakistan. Presso il Salone Internazionale del Gusto di Torino, illustrando i propri processi e prodotti, una delegazione del Programma ha rappresentato il Pakistan in un network in cui la nazione non era presente. In ultima analisi si è realizzato un documentario che racconta la storia dei luoghi, della cultura e delle attività svolte.

Community and participatory driven approach Most of the meetings held to inform and involve the farming community have been hosted and held in rural locations, despite the considerable threats to the international personnel. In this picture the Italian coordinator, side to side with the Pakistani one, is hosting a debate on how to properly prepare the next harvesting and marketing campaign in order to maximise the profit and reduce the post-harvest losses. Kabal, Lower Swat (June 2012)
Exposing Development’s fruits As moment of harvesting the results of a four years process, a delegation from Pakistan has represented the country, for the very first time, in a multinational context presenting a 250Kg dried fruits from Swat. Such a without precedent activity has been possible thanks to a really participatory preparation, done during the whole year, by matching the necessary qualitative, quantitative and administrative requirements to export the products. The most important achievement is that the program has been directly represented by its beneficiaries who have illustrated the activities to journalists from both paper and video press. Torino, Italy (October 2014)
Workshop in the Swat District Among the activities implemented through the Program a central role has been given to communication, both for informing and monitoring and decision making. In this picture the district representative of the farming community, Mr. Salahuddin Khan, is reporting on the status of the agriculture in the district on the occasion of the Istituto Agronomico per l’Oltramare Director General’s visit to the program’s area. Such a workshops have been duly drawn to be participatory driven and have considerably helped to modify the process while implementing it.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Monitoring for communicating This kind of reports have been used also to inform Institutions and people about the achievements and hurdles experienced during the Program.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Press coverage It is important, while operating in the field, to inform Pakistani people and Italian contributors on how their money are being used and on how their hopes matched.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Program Brochure - First Phase Valuable tools for communication and visibility.
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Program Brochure - Second Phase Another example of communication.