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Diffusion of nanotechnology based devices for water treatment and recycling

Place: Potenza, italy, Europe
Sustainable management of natural resources Sustainable management of natural resources
Total Budget: € 1.404,52 | Period: From March 2012 To March 2015

Summary

 Most of the Mediterranean countries suffer from water shortage due to both increasing demand and declining water quality. Rivers, lakes, groundwater and  the sea became more and more polluted by agrochemicals and other potentially toxic substances resulting from agricultural and industrial activities. Besides the necessary efforts to be undertaken to reduce water consumption, such a situation calls for innovative and cost-efficient solutions to purify contaminated water and recycle wastewater. NANOWAT project focuses on the experimentation, development and diffusion in the Mediterranean area of new technologies for efficient water treatment based on natural and modified nano-materials, using filtration, sedimentation, photo-degradation or their combination. The application of nanotechnologies in the field of water treatment has the potential to offer low-cost and transportable solutions in areas where it is difficult or too expensive to implement large scale water purification plants

Partnership

University of Basilicata - Italy

Lead applicant

The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Israel) - Israel

Initiative partner

he Faculty of Agriculture, established in 1942, has been one of the major factors contributing to successful settlement in Israel and to the development of its remarkable achievements in agriculture. This has been due to leading research in agriculture and to the education of generations of students specializing in plant or animal sciences, in health and disease, as well as in the economic aspects of agriculture and rural development. More recently, consequent to the development of the Institute of Biochemistry, the faculty became the leading academic authority in Israel for human food and nutrition. The world around us is changing: there is growing awareness of the state of the environment, and there is growing concern due to the over-exploitation of natural resources by mankind. Together with this concern, reduction of water and food resources together with a steady rise in population size is progressively leading many parts of the world into a state of hunger. This "new world" has led the Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment to realize its modified role and responsibility before Israel and the world. According to this new vision we are committed to a responsible role in preserving the environment for future generations, and while doing so, to continuously search for ways to increase sustainable food and water resources.

Spanish National Research Council, Institute for Natural Resources and Agrobiology (Spain, Andalucía) - Spain

Initiative partner

The purpose of the IRNAS is to conduct research on the use and conservation of soil-plant-water natural resources, focusing mainly on tackle problems derived from their exploitation in arid and semi-arid areas. Behaviour of agrochemicals and contaminants in the soil-water system and reduction of their environmental contamination effects. Optimization of bioremediation and bioavailability of organic pollutants. Applications: Design of biocompatible adsorbents for their use as amendment or barrier for reducing the contamination of agrochemicals in soil and water. Development of smart and environmental-friendly formulations of agrochemicals to prevent their contamination effects and to increase their efficacy. Development of filters based on new adsorbent materials for their use in water purification processes. Development of innovations that lead to a higher competitiveness of bioremediation technologies.

National Research Council - Italy

Initiative partner

CNR is the largest public research institution in Italy, the only one under the Research Ministry performing multidisciplinary activities. The Mission as fixed by its new Statute in force as of April 1st 2011, CNR’s mission is to perform research in its own Institutes, to promote innovation and competitiveness of the national industrial system, to promote the internationalization of the national research system, to provide technologies and solutions to emerging public and private needs, to advice Government and other public bodies, and to contribute to the qualification of human resources.

Most of the Mediterranean countries suffer from water shortage due to both increasing demand and declining water quality. Rivers, lakes, groundwater and the sea became more and more polluted by agrochemicals and other potentially toxic substances resulting from agricultural and industrial activities. Besides the necessary efforts to be undertaken to reduce water consumption, such a situation calls for innovative and cost-efficient solutions to purify contaminated water and recycle wastewater. NANOWAT project focuses on the experimentation, development and diffusion in the Mediterranean area of new technologies for efficient water treatment based on natural and modified nano-materials, using filtration, sedimentation, photo-degradation or their combination. The application of nanotechnologies in the field of water treatment has the potential to offer low-cost and transportable solutions in areas where it is difficult or too expensive to implement large scale water purification plants


The Idea
To develop new technologies, based on nano-materials and solar energy, and operate pilot transportable and miniaturized equipments for the efficient purification of water by filtration, sedimentation and photo-degradation, improving exchange of technical knowledge, new professionalism and environmental awareness
Main Innovation produced
Pilot scale transportable equipment for the treatment of waste water, grey water, pesticide contaminated water developed
Increased amount of clean water available, mainly for irrigation purpose
Reduced total energy required for water treatment
Costs for water recycling reduced by at least 20%
Professional skills increased
Enhanced availability of new technologies to local authorities and farmers’ associations

Pilot equipment filtration italy Pilot Scale transportable equipment for the treatment (filtration)of wastewater, greywater, pesticide contaminated water
pilot equipment pilot equipment AOPS france
pilot equipment france AOPS pilot equipment france AOPS
bufo presentation bufo presentation

Most of the Mediterranean countries suffer from water shortage due to both increasing demand and declining water quality. Rivers, lakes, groundwater resources and the sea became more and more polluted by agrochemicals and other potentially toxic substances resulting from intense agricultural and industrial activities. Besides the necessary efforts to be undertaken to reduce water consumption, such a situation calls for innovative and cost-efficient solutions to purify contaminated water and recycle wastewater

Relevant results had achieved through this project.
We successes to remove recalcitrant organic compound using both solar photocatalysis and filtration using clay. Special pilot are developed for applied this innovative technologies.
Different pollutants targets are tested, some of them are indicated in European Directive like emerging contaminants that must be monitoring.
Between them: 17b-estradiol, diclofenac, ibuprofen, sulfamethoxazole, carbamazepine, MCPA, mepanipyrim, mesotrione, sulcotrione, bifenthrin, clothianidin, diazepan, spironolactone,dexamethasone sodium phosphate

Pilot equipment filtration italy pilot equipment italy
pilot equipment france AOPS pilot equipment france AOPS
../file-system/small/ppt ../file-system/small/ppt Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate removal Poster
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Inland Treatment of the Brine Generated from Reverse Osmosis Advanced Membr Inland Treatment of the Brine Generated from Reverse Osmosis Advanced Membrane Wastewater Treatment Plant Using Epuvalisation System
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Nanotechnologies Poster
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Naproxen clean Scientific papers
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf Scientific papers Some results about wastewater water cleaning
../file-system/small/pdf ../file-system/small/pdf report of activity report of activity
../file-system/small/pptx ../file-system/small/pptx water filtration water filtration

o Local communities
o Small agro-food and handicrafts businesses
o Farmers

 

Phd students, postdoctorals, researchers and professors.
The professional skills: chemistry, agronomist, engineering chemistry and technicals

people involved photo
people involved photo
people involved photo
people involved photo
Training course Potenza 2014 Training course Potenza

Only burocratic  and administrative problems

It is possible to define this experience eco-friendly: applied processes are "green chemistry" due to use of titanium dioxide (no toxic), iron in quantity that are stability for its presence in water and clay.
The energy is give from the sun, the most illimitate energy resource and abundant.
The processes applied are not expensive and don't have any negative impact to the environment.
At the moment will be possible to recycle the water for the irrigation but after will be possible to consider  the use  for human consumption 

Results of the innovative experience are lasting in time because processes developed can be continuous and useful to remove organic compounds from wastewater. Experiments were applied in lab scale, like preliminary test; after it were applied in large scale for demonstrate the efficiency and duplicate of systems developed. 


 

All dissemination methodologies about this innovative cleaning systems are reported in the website

http://nanowat.eu/index.php/en/