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Chilean Fresh Fruit Industry´s Sustainability Model and ChileG.A.P

Place: chile, South America
Quantitative & qualitative enhancement of crop products Quantitative & qualitative enhancement of crop products
Total Budget: € 1.500.000,00 | Period: From January 1999 To

Summary

Given the current international markets requirements to produce safe, nutritious fruits and vegetables by way of sustainable practices, the Chilean fruit industry has developed a unique sustainability policy that considers ChileG.A.P, a certification program for Good Agricultural Practices (G.A.P) that harmonizes the requirements of all major international markets, including the United States of America, Europe (GlobalG.A.P. v.4.0 equivalent) and the Peoples Republic of China, with the objective that any Chilean fruit exporter and grower is able to comply and implement G.A.P practices in their orchards in a cost effective manner and meet the requirements of all major international retailers through the implementation and compliance of only one global certification, that considers the specificities of the Chilean fruit growing and exporting industry. ChileG.A.P. was the first country G.A.P. certification program to be accredited by EurepGAP and today by GlobalG.A.P

Partnership

Chilean Fruit Exporters Association - Chile

Lead applicant

The Chilean Fruit Exporters Association is a non-for-profit trade association, founded in 1935 and who’s members represent 96,5% of the total volume of fruits exported from the country and 63,1 % of total hectares planted of fresh fruit in the country. The institutions main objective is to facilitate the export process of fruits from Chile across the globe. www.asoex.cl or www.fruitsfromchile.com

ProChile - Chile

Initiative partner

ProChile is the institution of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile in charge of promoting exports of products and services. ProChile contributes to dissemination of foreign investment opportunities and tourism promotion. ProChile has a network of over 50 offices worldwide and 15 Export Centers in Chile which have experience and tools to help boost the export sector and position Chile’s attributes in international markets. In a globalized world with highly competitive markets, ProChile, in its role as trade facilitator is able to provide to international consumers a wide range of products and services from the most diverse sectors. ProChile presents business opportunities to thousands of international buyers thus improving the quality of life for millions of people around the world. Its economy, support to entrepreneurship, political stability, public security, ideal climatic conditions allow Chile to develop products and services with a unique quality in the region, which added to strict adherence to fair trade practices and sustainability, make our exports attractive with reliable suppliers and a high level of innovation. We are interested in identifying strategic partners, distributors, traders and consumers in international markets who see in Chilean products and services the opportunity to enhance their business strategies. We invite you to get in touch with any of ProChile’s 54 offices in the world, where you can organize business meeting schedules, get advice on the qualities of the Chilean productive and services sectors, as well as information on investment opportunities in Chile. Also, at the offices you can learn more about Chile´s wonderful tourist attractions.

Fruit Development Foundation - Chile

Initiative partner

The Fruit Development Foundation is a private non-for-profit research institution, founded in 1992 by a group of exporters-growers of fresh fruits in Chile with the objective of associatively undertaking research and development (R & D). Today there are more than 30 companies which are members of the Foundation and who actively contribute to its projects and initiatives. www.fdf.cl

Given the current international markets requirements to produce safe, nutritious fruits and vegetables by way of sustainable practices, the Chilean fruit industry has developed a unique sustainability policy that considers the following guiding principals: 1. That every productive unit within the industry must be economically viable 2. Comply with international food safety requirements 3. Undertake those practices which respect and care for the environment 4. Undertake corporate social responsible practices This industry model which is unique to the Chilean fruit exporting and growing industry has been implemented through what is known as the ChileG.A.P program.

The main innovation of ChileG.A.P  is that it is a certification program for Good Agricultural Practices (G.A.P) that harmonizes the requirements of all major international markets, including the United States of America, Europe (GlobalG.A.P. v.4.0 equivalent) and the Peoples Republic of China, with the objective that any Chilean fruit exporter and grower is able to comply and implement G.A.P practices in their orchards in a cost effective manner and meet the requirements of all major international retailers through the implementation and compliance of only one global certification, that considers the specificities of the Chilean fruit growing and exporting industry. ChileG.A.P. was the first country G.A.P. certification program to be accredited by EurepGAP and today by GlobalG.A.P. version 4.0. See attached information on the Chilean fruit industry´s sustainability model and ChileG.A.P program (Files: 2. Innovation and ChileGAP)

../file-system/small/docx ../file-system/small/docx 2. INNOVATION Innovation through the ChileGAP program
../file-system/small/pptx ../file-system/small/pptx ChileGAP Sustainability model and ChileGAP program

Retailers and distributors of fresh fruits and vegetables across the globe have embraced the concepts of sustainable Good Agricultural Practices (G.A.P) with the objective of differentiating themselves and positioning their entities as being socially responsible and environmentally conscious and that they undertake all efforts on their part and that of their suppliers, to guarantee the end consumer with the most sustainable and highest possible standards in the provision of fruits and vegetables.

In the global fruits and vegetable industry, all major fruits supplying industries, including the Chilean fruit industry, have undertaken additional investments and measures in order to comply with these new market requirements.
 

The ChileG.A.P programme hs generated the following results: 

a) Development of a variety of supporting material, amongst others, Good Agricultural Practices (G.A.P) Protocols and the respective technical material (Crop and Pesticide Management Guides, G.A.P Assessment, etc.) and Field Work-papers. (see: www.chilegap.com)
b) Development of the ChileG.A.P normative documents: General regulations; control points and compliance criteria and a ChileG.A.P checklist.
c) Development of a single protocol that combines the requirements of the main Chinese, American and European buyers, in order to offer to the industry a single certification audit system.
d) Accredited International third party Certification Bodies do the audits and certification process.
e) The Executive Technical Manager of ChileG.A.P. is member of the Technical Committee of GLOBALG.A.P since at least five years up today.

The main beneficiaries are growers and exporters who obtain from the program a regulated, documented and permanently updated system that incorporates the international markets requirements in regards to Good Agricultural Practices, but at the same time adapted to Chilean agricultural production practices. In this way, the program satisfies the needs of growers and exporters of fresh fruit and vegetable production in two major aspects:

a) It allows Chilean growers and exporters to be properly informed about the events related to issues and regulations in G.A.P in the international market

b) It contributes to clarifying the measures that growers need to consider for the successful and proper implementation of G.A.P practices, by way of providing easy to follow compliance criteria and guidelines. 

The ChileG.A.P program is directed by a Steering Committee, formed by twelve members. Five are representatives of the growers, three are representatives of the exporters, two are representatives from the university and academic sectors, and two are representatives from the fruit sector organisations, this ensures a multi-disciplinary conduction that encompasses all sectors involved in the production and export of Chilean fresh fruits and vegetables.

Additionally ChileG.A.P has a Technical Committee formed by nine members, of which four are outstanding experts from the exporter sector, four are experts from the productive sector, and one is the Technical Manager of the Fruit Development Foundation. They do not participate as company representatives, given that their role is to provide personal expertise to the Committee. ChileG.A.P also has a Secretariat at the Fruit Development Foundation (FDF), whose main function is to maintain records and train third party consultants.

While sustainability and Good Agricultural Practices have no singularly recognized definition, growers and exporters need to be aware of the situation of their own farm and identify some basic measures that can be undertaken to bring any business into line with the demands of global customers. Unfortunately not all growers and exporters have the same level of access to information. For this very reason, one of the main obstacles that the Chilean industry has faced is the asymmetry of information in regards to the markets regulations.

Additionally the other major challenge and obstacle which ChileG.A.P has provided a solution for, has been the vast array of different requirements which are currently requested by major retailers across the globe in regards to sustainable G.A.P practices, such as for example Tescos` “Natures Choice” and WalmartGAP, amongst others. ChileG.A.P has been able to harmonize these different retailer requirements into one certification, hence reducing costs.

As part of the ChileG.A.P program in the area of environmental awareness the industry has undertaken a study called “Diagnosis of the contribution of carbon emissions derived from the production of red and green apples in association with the stages of production and transportation to the destination market” that compares the primary characteristics of the greenhouse gas emissions generated from the production of apples in Chile compared to those of apples produced in New Zealand and the United Kingdom. The results indicate that the apple industry in Chile has a carbon footprint similar to that of a New Zealand apple and is lower than an apple produced in the United Kingdom.  The carbon footprint study also highlighted a series of areas where the industry can take specific actions in order to help to reduce the emissions of our fruit production. Through the ChileG.A.P program, the sector has proposed a range of solutions to reduce their carbon emissions. See (File: 8.Impact)

../file-system/small/docx ../file-system/small/docx 8. IMPACT Environmental impact and how Chile´s fruit industry has responded to new challenges.

One of the first ever industry wide efforts in the world to create a new set of tools covering the increasingly important issue of sustainability in the fresh fruit industry was launched in Chile as part of its ChileG.A.P program. The tools includes a Guideline on best practices, a check list for self evaluation and a collection of resources to facilitate the application of techniques related to sustainability.

The best practice guide, compiled by the Fruit Development Foundation (FDF) and the Chilean Fruit Exporters Association (ASOEX), with the support of ProChile (Chiles Export Promotional Bureau) and the Ministry of Agriculture, benchmarks sustainability protocols and agendas published by authorities and retail customers around the world and presents them in an easy-to-use online format See (http://www.asoex.cl/sustentabilidad/guias-de-buenas-practicas.html and File: 9. Transferability)

../file-system/small/docx ../file-system/small/docx 9. TRANSFERABILITY How ChileGAP has generated information tools used to facilitate sustainable practices.

The ChileGAP Program has developed an array of practical guides and technical support material. One of the most recent publications has been in regards to the publication of the Guide on Good Practices on Sustainability launched for the Chilean fresh fruit industry and which  has met with an extremely positive response. The good practice guide, developed by FDF and the Chilean Fruit Exporter’s Association (ASOEX), benchmarks sustainability protocols and agendas published by authorities and retail customers around the world and presents them in an easy-to-use online and print format, available at www.chilegap.com and http://www.asoex.cl/sustentabilidad/guias-de-buenas-practicas.html

Additionally, the guide has also been promoted extensively in major trade publications in Europe, Asia and North America. See (File: 10.Dissemination)

../file-system/small/docx ../file-system/small/docx 10. DISSEMINATION Disseminating ChileGAP