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Food diversity in relation to schoolchildren’s growth in Morocco

Titre
Food diversity in relation to schoolchildren’s growth in Morocco
Résumé
About 20% Moroccan children under the age of 15 years are stunted or delayed in growth. Dietary quality is much associated with dietary diversity. The purpose of the study was to assess dietary diversity by comparing a dietary diversity score (DDS) and a weekly food frequency score (WFFS) and study their relationship to stunting in school-age children in the province of Kenitra (Morocco). A stratified random sample of 263 pupils including one-third from rural schools were administered a weekly food frequency questionnaire. A health team assessed the anthropometric status. Dietary diversity was appraised with two types of indices: a dietary diversity score (DDS) based on the number of food categories consumed over a week, and a weekly food frequency score (WFFS) which also takes into account the frequency of food intake. The average age was 12.9 ± 0.9 years. The DDS was significantly higher in rural than in urban children, whereas the WFFS was lower, in rural children owing primarily to less frequent intake of fruits and vegetables than in the urban children. Maternal level of instruction was also positively associated with a higher consumption of fruits and vegetables and milk, and with a higher WFFS. Both indices were significantly associated with stunting. The study suggests that diet quality is associated with height status and food diversity indices that take food frequency into account, which may better reflects diet quality.
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Année
2013
Publié en
20th International Congress of Nutrition, September 15–20, 2013, Granada, Spain. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 63 (suppl. 1)
02/07/14 - Introduit par: Hamid El bilali
Food consumption patterns: diet, environment, society, economy and health
Thème principal: Food consumption patterns: diet, environment, society, economy and health