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Various Aspects of the Farmer-Level Analysis of the Effects of the Global Eco-nomic Crisis on Turkish Farmers: The Case Study of Izmir

Titre
Various Aspects of the Farmer-Level Analysis of the Effects of the Global Eco-nomic Crisis on Turkish Farmers: The Case Study of Izmir
Résumé
Macroeconomic shocks can impact agriculture more strongly than factors that affect the sector directly. The key macro links are the exchange rate, consumer income, and interest rate. The last global economic crisis begun in 2008 has seriously hurt various countries’ macroeconomics, causing major changes in these variables have in turn induced changes in countries’ agricultural prices, population, consumption, and trade. Therefore this research paper examines the effects of global economic crisis on Turkish agriculture and farmers. A random of sample survey of 195 farmers was conducted in ten provinces of Izmir to understand the effects of economic crisis. Among the key findings of the research are: (1) 69 per cent of the study farmers reported they were affected by the global economic crisis; (2) only 20 per cent (40 farmers) diversified the crops they produce; (3) the factors affecting the well-being outcomes (perceived “worse off” or “better off” status) were determined by binomial probit regression analysis. The signs of the independent variables in the model were found consistent with the expectations. Statistically significant variables are the size of the farm, indebtedness, and non-agricultural employment. Fuzzy-pair wise comparison was used to determine the agricultural support policy preferences of farmers for reducing adverse effects of global economic crisis.
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Année
2012
Publié en
27/01/14 - Introduit par: Berna Türkekul
Sustainable development of small rural communities
Thème principal: Sustainable development of small rural communities