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Environmental origin of Collective food Intoxications in Morocco: Case study of the region of Gharb Chrarda Bni Hssen

Titre
Environmental origin of Collective food Intoxications in Morocco: Case study of the region of Gharb Chrarda Bni Hssen
Résumé
The food poisonings is a public health hazard in Morocco. Its revealing opens an opportunity for action and prevention. This work is aimed to describe an epidemiologic profile of the Collective Food Toxi infections in the area of Gharb Chrarda Bni Hssen in North Western Morocco. We made an investigatory study related to the cases of collective food intoxications notified in a Hospital setting from 2001 to 2006. The majority of the cases were notified in rural and sub rural areas (70%). The age of the patients varies from 15 to 25 years. Females (women) are more exposed (85%) than males. The notification is mainly reported by the health Unit . The principal food causes of the intoxication are fruits and vegetables (20%) and dairy products (17%). The responsible agents are Staphylococcus aureus (72%) and Clostridium perfringens (28%). Women preparing food for the household are at risk of intoxications. In 70% of the cases, the intoxication is spread to the family members. Fruits and vegetables though very recommended for health should be washed carefully and cooked correctly to avoid contamination. In rural areas milk is delivered freshly unpasteurized from the farm. A modern cold distribution channel in needed in theses areas . The development of the epidemiologic cell of monitoring of the Collective Food Toxi infections and the installation of a cell of quality insurance are the strong points of the control of theses hazards.
Plus
Année
2007
Publié en
Antropo, 2007, 14: 83-88
25/09/13 - Introduit par: Youssef Aboussaleh