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Prevalence of malnutrition and anemia among preschool children in Kenitra, Morocco

Titre
Prevalence of malnutrition and anemia among preschool children in Kenitra, Morocco
Résumé
Objective: The objective of the present study is to evaluate the level of malnutrition and anemia and the impact of some socioeconomic and demographic factors of households on the nutritional status of children under 5 years of age in Kenitra (Morocco). Materials and methods: Overall, 111 preschool children aged 1 to 59 months were evaluated using less than –2 height-for-age, weight-for-age, and weight-for-height z-scores. The study was a crosssectional descriptive survey using a structured questionnaire. Anemia (Hb <11 g/dL) in preschool children was determined by a blood sample. Results: The results show that the prevalence of wasting, stunting, and underweight in children under three years of age was 9%, 13.5%, and 42.3% respectively. In a sample of 111 preschool children, 85 having a hemoglobin level below 11 g/dL is a prevalence of 76.5% (95% CI 9.75-10.25). Malnutrition was significantly more frequent among boys than among girls. The prevalence of malnutrition was more pronounced among children from rural than urban areas. There was a significant relationship between maternal education and anemia in children (p<0.05). Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that malnutrition is a common health problem in children under 5 years in our region. Illiteracy, poverty and lack of infrastructure are the most important risk factors involved in anemia in preschool children
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Année
2010
Publié en
Nutritional Therapy Metabolism 2010; 28(2): 73 - 76
10/12/13 - Introduit par: Youssef Aboussaleh
Food consumption patterns: diet, environment, society, economy and health
Thème principal: Food consumption patterns: diet, environment, society, economy and health